Supermarkets are gradually surviving small businesses from the market, and it becomes problematic to make money selling fruits and vegetables. This does not mean that entrepreneurship is over. On the contrary, a vegetable shop that stands out against the background of others is capable of generating a high income - an average of 10-20 thousand rubles a day. This is due to the constant demand for food, in which vegetables make up the lion's share.
Prerequisites for opening a greengrocer's shop
Starting businessmen always think about opening a retail outlet, stall or store at the dawn of financial growth. Such a business does not require special investments, and the demand for everyday goods is stable. The idea of a fruit and vegetable shop is not new, it still remains in demand even in the realities of competition with large chain stores.
Business begins with the opening of a small point of sale of the main types of vegetables. With development, frozen products, dried fruits, spices, juices, exotic fruits are added.
Premises, equipment, staff
The store is the least of the hassle. A vegetable shop will require less money to open, but owning it brings some problems, namely logistics and storage. Renting a store is more expensive, but the goods sold and stored are located in one place. In the case of a shop, a separate warehouse and a vehicle will be required to deliver vegetables from storage.
Premises intended for the sale of vegetables are located in crowded places. It can be markets, bazaars, busy city streets. Much attention is paid to the convenience of such premises - the goods should be located so as not to cause crowds and be accessible. The optimal size of a small tent or stall is 20 m². The warehouse must be dry, the temperature in the room must not fall below zero in winter and be no more than 8 degrees in summer.
Vegetable shops are equipped with scales, counters, racks and showcases for goods, a cash register, air conditioning, refrigeration equipment in case of selling frozen sets and mixtures, juices. The comfort of customers will be created by air conditioning or a heater if sales are conducted indoors.
You can save on greengrocer staff by doing some of the processes yourself.
Seasonality in trading
An important element of entrepreneurship is a wide range of products that people most need in the current season. For a fruit and vegetable store, seasonality plays an important role, as customer demand varies at different times of the year. It is importantknow before you open a greengrocer's shop. In winter, citrus fruits and apples are in demand, in spring - greenhouse vegetables and herbs, in summer - almost everything, and in autumn - watermelons, grapes, oranges.
Knowing the time of harvesting all vegetables and fruits, the entrepreneur buys the goods at a reduced price when their cost is due to cultivation, minimizing costs.
Starting capital for opening and maintenance
It takes about half a million rubles to open a vegetable shop in a large city. This money will be used to legalize the business, rent retail space, purchase and maintain equipment, and purchase the first batch of goods.
Depending on the size of the city, the costs are (the amount is indicated in rubles):
- 10 thousand - for paperwork and registration of individual entrepreneurs, payment for the services of a sanitary and epidemiological station, licenses;
- 40-50 thousand - for renting a tent or stall, 200-300 thousand - for the purchase of a kiosk and its repair;
- 50 thousand - for the purchase of showcases, scales and a cash register;
- 100-160 thousand - for refrigeration equipment;
- 2-5 thousand - for maintenance of premises.
Additional monthly expenses are tax and labor costs. Storing vegetables also comes at a cost.
Profits and Risks
The profitability of a vegetable shop is about 6,000 to 20,000 rubles a day. The minimum markup on goods is 30-50% and depends on the type of product. Exotic fruits are sold at a high price, and the difference incost and price is 200-250%.
When an individual entrepreneur is registered, 6% of income is deducted to the tax office under a simplified scheme. Approximately 7% of the profits will go to pay the salesperson working on a salary scheme with an allowance from revenue. You can save money if you take on the duties of a loader, driver and sorter.
The costs include the write-off of damaged goods - about 15% of the volume. Experienced entrepreneurs sell spoiled vegetables at a 50% discount.
The payback period of the enterprise is about six months, which depends on the amount of invested funds.