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Industry 2022, September

NPF "Welfare" and Alexei Taicher signed a deal to sell "Transfin-M" for 35 billion rubles

NPF "Welfare" and Alexei Taicher signed a deal to sell "Transfin-M" for 35 billion rubles

Company "Transfin-M" went to Alexey Taicher. "Transfin-M" is considered one of the best assets of a non-profit pension fund. Transfin-M is one of the top 5 leasing companies in Russia. and provides financial lease of railway cars, aviation equipment and vehicles of various carrying capacities

Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill: echoes of unsustainable production

Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill: echoes of unsustainable production

The unique Lake Baikal is also affected by environmental issues. One of them is related to the work of the Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill, located in the Slyudyansky district. The plant began operating in 1966 and was closed in 2013. What has been done to restore the ecological situation in the region. How are things today

Derivative HPPs: description, principle of operation, where they are used

Derivative HPPs: description, principle of operation, where they are used

Hydrotechnical structures have been used since ancient times to generate energy. Nowadays, a separate direction of derivation stations is also successfully developing. These are structures characterized by a special drainage infrastructure that allows for more effective flow control even in difficult geographical conditions. At the basic level, the decoding of hydroelectric power stations is applicable to them - a hydrological power plant

How to make glass? Glass production technology. glass products

How to make glass? Glass production technology. glass products

Glass is familiar to everyone. But the process of making it is extremely exciting. Each stage is important and affects the quality of the final product. The basis is sand, soda, lime. The process is almost entirely automated. Surprisingly, glass can even be made at home

Heat-treated wood: main characteristics, production technology, pros and cons

Heat-treated wood: main characteristics, production technology, pros and cons

Almost every one of us has come across such a concept as heat-treated wood. However, few have thought about what it really means. Meanwhile, this material can be considered innovative. Due to the high temperature - from +150 °C to +250 °C - the material is strong and durable

Manufacturer Daewoo: country, assortment, quality, prices

Manufacturer Daewoo: country, assortment, quality, prices

How difficult it is to buy inexpensive and high-quality household appliances! Advertised brands cost a lot, but there are companies that produce good quality electronics at affordable prices. Daewoo has been competing with Samsung and Algy for many years, and even wins in some respects. It has been operating for a little over half a century, but everyone knows its trademark. The company is engaged in the production of a wide range of products: from screwdrivers to cars

What is a briquette, what is it made of, the pros and cons of fuel

What is a briquette, what is it made of, the pros and cons of fuel

It is difficult to find an alternative to convenient gas as a source of heat in the house. But it is not always possible to carry out the necessary infrastructure, purchase a gas boiler and other equipment. Many are interested in what can be used to heat a private house, except for firewood, what can be used, in addition to traditional fuels. Previously, a lot of waste was thrown away and disposed of. Today, on many of yesterday's "garbage" entrepreneurs "make money", benefiting the environment and the population

Silicate glass: production and use

Silicate glass: production and use

Silicate glass is a common, affordable material for use in various areas of production, everyday life, and industry. It is made from natural ingredients and has a large number of positive properties

Production technologies: concept description, development, development, functions

Production technologies: concept description, development, development, functions

Under the term "production technologies" there are different interpretations. Often this concept is associated with a heavy production process, industry. But in fact, technology is primarily a skill, skill, methods. If we translate the word "technos" from the Greek language, additional options for interpreting this concept will open up: art and logic. Consequently, production technology is a set of methods, techniques and methods for creating a product, product

Russian trains: elite RZD trains

Russian trains: elite RZD trains

Under the clatter of the wheels of a train rushing into the distance, one dreams in a special way, and dreams seem more interesting. Russian trains have long established themselves as a convenient, popular and affordable type of domestic public transport. As for branded and high-speed trains, they are considered the pride, the elite of Russian Railways. Riding in them is comfortable and pleasant, they are serviced according to the highest class: the cars are clean, the air conditioners are working, the bed linen is almost new

Anodized coating: what it is, where it is applied, how it is made

Anodized coating: what it is, where it is applied, how it is made

Anodizing is an electrolytic process that is used to increase the thickness of the layer of natural oxides on the surface of products. As a result of this operation, the resistance of the material to corrosion and wear is increased, and the surface is also prepared for the application of primer and paint

Knives made of steel EI-107: characteristics of Zlatoust products

Knives made of steel EI-107: characteristics of Zlatoust products

You can walk around shop windows for months, looking at the products of Zlatoust gunsmiths. Many people like to admire the famous stainless steel knives. At such moments, you suddenly begin to think about the quality of weapon metal. And to a greater extent about the characteristics of steel EI-107, used in the manufacture of a large number of knives, daggers and blades in Zlatoust. The history of the emergence of the Zlatoust brand and the advantage of purchasing products from this brand is interesting

Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant: problems and their causes

Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant: problems and their causes

The last of the aircraft factories built before the collapse of the USSR was the Ulyanovsk Aviation Plant. Designed for the production of huge An-124 aircraft and Tu-204 passenger liners, the enterprise can serve as a good illustration of what is happening in the industry now

Wind power plants: types, designs, advantages

Wind power plants: types, designs, advantages

Wind energy is far from a new branch of energy supply, however, in the current conditions, it is becoming more and more pronounced features of a promising direction for further development. It is still difficult to talk about universal concepts for the technical implementation of wind generators, but success in the use of individual engineering solutions suggests that a single unified structural model will appear in the near future

LNG tanker for the transport of liquefied gas

LNG tanker for the transport of liquefied gas

Reserves of natural gas in the world are huge, but most of the deposits are located in hard-to-reach places, remote from industrial areas. This is not so bad - a pipeline can be laid on land or on the seabed. And for transportation across the ocean, the gas is converted into a liquid state. At the same time, the volume is reduced by almost six hundred times, which makes it possible to use not only pipelines, but also LNG tankers of a special design for gas transportation

Chelyabinsk Electrometallurgical Plant: foundations for successful development

Chelyabinsk Electrometallurgical Plant: foundations for successful development

The Urals are said to be the backbone of the State! The fact is that a large number of industrial enterprises are concentrated on its territory. Metallurgical plants have long been an integral part of the Southern Urals, including the Chelyabinsk Electrometallurgical Plant OJSC. The enterprise occupies a leading position among domestic producers of ferroalloys and is able to fully meet the demand for these products throughout the Russian metallurgy

Chelyabinsk Electric Locomotive Repair Plant: "Aibolit" for locomotives

Chelyabinsk Electric Locomotive Repair Plant: "Aibolit" for locomotives

The team of the locomotive crew often has to urgently make important decisions related to the repair of the locomotive. To do this, you need to know the design of the main parts of the electric locomotive and the functions of those of its mechanisms that can be repaired on their own. But for a global repair, factory conditions are needed. One of these enterprises, one might say "Aibolit" for locomotives, is located in the capital of the South Urals, the city of Chelyabinsk

Technological processes in mechanical engineering. Automated process control systems

Technological processes in mechanical engineering. Automated process control systems

Technological process is the basis of any production operation. It includes a set of procedures carried out in a certain sequence, the action of which is aimed at changing the shape, size and properties of the manufactured product. The main examples of technological processes are mechanical, thermal, compression processing, as well as assembly, packaging, pressure treatment and much more

Shelf life of water meters: period of service and operation, verification periods, operating rules and time of use of hot and cold water meters

Shelf life of water meters: period of service and operation, verification periods, operating rules and time of use of hot and cold water meters

The shelf life of water meters varies. It depends on its quality, the condition of the pipes, the connection to cold or hot water, the manufacturer. On average, manufacturers claim about 8-10 years of operation of devices. In this case, the owner is obliged to carry out their verification within the time limits established by law. We will tell you more about this and some other points in the article

Primary production: concept, features, research

Primary production: concept, features, research

Primary production is a certain value in ecology. The method for its measurement was invented by the Soviet hydrobiologist Georgy Georgievich Vinberg in the first half of the 20th century. The first experiment was carried out near Moscow

Operating Vorkuta mines: list and history

Operating Vorkuta mines: list and history

The discovery by A. A. Chernov of the Pechora coal basin in 1924 led to a number of expeditions, including a survey of the Vorkuta River for the presence of valuable raw materials. In 1930, five layers of coal of working capacity were found on the territory of the region, which predetermined the birth of the city

The Yaregskoye field: features, history, stages of development

The Yaregskoye field: features, history, stages of development

A feature of the Yarenga deposit is that, in addition to oil reserves, there are also huge reserves of titanium ore. The deposit was considered oil until 1941, when geologist V. A. Kalyuzhny, imprisoned in Ukhtizhemlag, discovered ore concentrations of leucoxene in sandy oil reservoirs

WTI oil is?

WTI oil is?

What is WTI oil? What is its main difference from Brent oil? Why is the cost of the rest of the raw materials in world trade determined by these grades? Which of these brands is more expensive and why? What is the price of oil today and what are the forecasts for 2019?

What are display fonts. Design and purpose

What are display fonts. Design and purpose

Display fonts are designed for use in large headings. Because of this, they often have a more prominent and eye-catching design than the simple, relatively "understated" typefaces typically used for body text. In German, there is a term akzidenzschrift, which means a commercial or trade font that is used for headings and is not intended for body text

Autoclaved aerated concrete: production, scope, material features

Autoclaved aerated concrete: production, scope, material features

This type of porous concrete has been on the list of first building materials for a long time. Therefore, many factories and companies are engaged in its manufacture. With the development of technology, you can find autoclaved aerated concrete in various shapes, sizes and colors

CNC bending machine description

CNC bending machine description

Automatic CNC bending machines are gradually getting updates and additional options. This helps the customer to select equipment for specific tasks and simplify the production process

Miory Meat Processing Plant and its products

Miory Meat Processing Plant and its products

Miory is a small regional center in the Vitebsk region. This city can be reached by bus, for example from Braslav, or by night trailer from Polotsk. Several enterprises operate in the city, including a meat processing plant that produces sausages, sausages and semi-finished products

Meat processing plant Grodno and its products

Meat processing plant Grodno and its products

The city of Grodno is known for its diverse industry, the products of which are exported to more than 70 countries around the world. It produces not only chemical fiber and fertilizers, but also various products, for example, meat. Their manufacturer is the Grodno meat processing plant

Universal lathes: overview, specifications and reviews

Universal lathes: overview, specifications and reviews

For standard operations with workpieces and not only, universal lathes with DRO are suitable. Simplified design and savings on electrics allows you to produce equipment that has a low cost. Sometimes for many customers this is the determining factor

Ishim meat processing plant and its products

Ishim meat processing plant and its products

The city of Ishim is located in the south-east of the Tyumen region and is interesting as a local center of the food industry. It makes cheeses, sweets and various meat products. The manufacturer of the latter is the Ishim Meat Processing Plant, which is part of the Yubileiny agricultural holding

Coating steel with titanium nitride. Powder technology

Coating steel with titanium nitride. Powder technology

To cover materials in our time, a whole range of different technologies is used. There are vacuum coating technologies, electron-proton radiation, high-temperature synthesis and many others. In the modern world, "gilded" decorative ornaments and products are becoming more and more popular

Mine well: device, sanitary requirements, value

Mine well: device, sanitary requirements, value

Description of the construction of shaft wells. What are the requirements for structures during construction and operation. Features of concrete, plastic, wood and brick products. Necessary conditions for the start of construction or restoration. Sanitary standards for the operation of mine wells

IKEA: country of origin, range overview

IKEA: country of origin, range overview

The comfort of home today depends on many factors. The interior plays one of the most important roles in creating a warm and cozy atmosphere. At the same time, it doesn’t matter which stop: work or, conversely, home, or maybe official business. When choosing furniture, you can be guided by any motives. However, there is only one goal. And it consists in being surrounded by pleasant-looking and easy-to-use objects

Moscow region coal basin - history, features and interesting facts

Moscow region coal basin - history, features and interesting facts

Mining is an industry that has been developing for a very, very long time. One of the rather old deposits is the Podmoskovny coal basin

Waste recycling in Russia: features, requirements and interesting facts

Waste recycling in Russia: features, requirements and interesting facts

Recycling of waste in Russia is in its initial state. The plans of the Ministry of Natural Resources to build waste incineration plants can cause irreparable damage to the environment and public he alth. It is necessary to follow global trends, first of all, to collect garbage, sorting it

Quartz sand: applications and production

Quartz sand: applications and production

Quartz sand is a material that is of natural origin and has characteristics such as chemical inertness, fracture resistance, strength, and sorption capacity

Silicate industry - and the house, and the roof, and dishes

Silicate industry - and the house, and the roof, and dishes

Like mushrooms after the rain, grandiose skyscrapers began to grow in many cities of the world, which are bright design solutions that organically combine concrete and glass. It is the building materials that are so in demand at the present time that the silicate industry produces

Glass furnace: types, device, specifications and practical application

Glass furnace: types, device, specifications and practical application

Today, people actively use glass for a variety of purposes. The glassmaking process itself is the melting of raw materials or charge. Glass melting furnaces are used to melt the material. They come in different types and are classified according to several criteria

Robotization of production in the world: scope, examples, pros and cons

Robotization of production in the world: scope, examples, pros and cons

Improving, humanity is constantly facilitating its work, shifting it to artificial intelligence. Robotization of production made it possible to get rid of a number of professions, for example, telephone service today is carried out only by electronics, although at the beginning of the last century, female telephone operators connected two subscribers. Today, progress has stepped even further, and people have begun to create real artificial machines capable of performing certain mechanical operations - robots

What is heavier - a tram or a tank? What is heavier - a tram or a T-34 tank?

What is heavier - a tram or a tank? What is heavier - a tram or a T-34 tank?

It is hard to imagine more dissimilar products than a tank and a tram. The first is a weapon of war, the second is a means of peaceful urban transport. Perhaps the only thing that unites them is the complexity of the design and solid weight. But what weighs more?

ATR 72-500 aircraft for short routes

ATR 72-500 aircraft for short routes

A little more than a fixed-route taxi and a little less than a regular bus. This definition is quite suitable for the ATR 72-500 aircraft. The turboprop is designed to be transported over relatively short distances, bypassing large airport hubs

The phenomenon of aircraft engine surge

The phenomenon of aircraft engine surge

With the advent of the jet era, aircraft began to fly faster, farther, more economically and more reliably. However, to all these advantages, such a phenomenon as engine surge was added. This article is devoted to a brief explanation of this phenomenon

PS-90 engine: history and characteristics

PS-90 engine: history and characteristics

The PS-90 aircraft engine was developed in Perm at the end of the last century and fully corresponded to the world level of engine building development of that time. As in the history of any successful design, several modifications were created, used for various purposes. Serial production of the PS-90 engine continues to this day

Destroyer "Persistent" of the Russian B altic Fleet

Destroyer "Persistent" of the Russian B altic Fleet

The flagship of the Russian B altic Fleet - the destroyer "Persistent" - is a representative of the class of destroyers of the "Modern" type. According to the classification, this is a 1st class warship, equipped with missile weapons and capable of operating independently away from groupings, in the far ocean zone. In the Navy, he received the unofficial name "Nastya"

De-icing liquid: use for aircraft, application features, overview of manufacturers

De-icing liquid: use for aircraft, application features, overview of manufacturers

Any aircraft stays in the air due to its aerodynamic shape. Even a slight change in the surface of the wing or other parts of the aircraft can lead to a loss of lift and, ultimately, to a disaster. In the autumn-winter period, aircraft are treated with anti-icing liquid

Airbus A400 and An-70 military transport aircraft

Airbus A400 and An-70 military transport aircraft

Similar aircraft, built almost at the same time, received different fates. The Airbus A400 is already flying in many countries, certified and put into mass production. The An-70 aircraft is already almost completely forgotten, and it is at least no worse than its European counterpart

Russian cargo aircraft: photo, review, characteristics

Russian cargo aircraft: photo, review, characteristics

The task of moving goods from point A to point B can be solved in various ways. The fastest, but also the most expensive, is the use of aviation. Cargo aircraft in Russia are used both to meet the needs of the Armed Forces and in the national economy

Ilyushin's aircraft: a brief history and the present

Ilyushin's aircraft: a brief history and the present

The name of the designer SV Ilyushin has long become a household name. Aircraft designed in the bureau named after him are still in operation in both civil and military aviation. The company continues to live and develop

Aircraft propeller: name, classification and characteristics

Aircraft propeller: name, classification and characteristics

The aircraft propeller is too early to write off. All regional air transportation is carried out all over the world on propeller-driven aircraft. The cost-effectiveness and time-tested reliability of these machines allows you to look to their future with optimism

Mineral fertilizers. Plant of mineral fertilizers. Complex mineral fertilizers

Mineral fertilizers. Plant of mineral fertilizers. Complex mineral fertilizers

Any gardener wants to get a good harvest. It can be achieved on any soil only with the help of fertilizers. But is it possible to build a business on them? And are they dangerous to the body?

Thinner for oil paints: characteristics, reviews

Thinner for oil paints: characteristics, reviews

Construction oil paint can be thickly ground or ready to use. With thickened ones, a solvent for oil paints is necessarily used. Enamels of this type are mixed in a certain proportion with a solvent liquid. This is necessary if the paint is dry or will be used as a primer. A suitable thinner is selected based on the characteristics of the surface to be painted and absorbent properties

Tread protection against corrosion. The main ways to protect pipelines from corrosion

Tread protection against corrosion. The main ways to protect pipelines from corrosion

Protective corrosion protection is a universal solution when it is required to increase the resistance of metal surfaces to moisture and other external factors

Canon company: manufacturing country, founding history, products, reviews

Canon company: manufacturing country, founding history, products, reviews

Which country is the manufacturer Canon located in? This multinational corporation specializes in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, copiers, steppers, computer printers, and even medical equipment

Ion implantation: concept, principle of operation, methods, purpose and application

Ion implantation: concept, principle of operation, methods, purpose and application

Ion implantation is a low-temperature process by which the components of a single element are accelerated into the solid surface of a wafer, thereby changing its physical, chemical or electrical properties. This method is used in the production of semiconductor devices and in metal finishing, as well as in materials science research

Pyrotechnic composition: classification, components, application

Pyrotechnic composition: classification, components, application

A pyrotechnic composition is a substance or mixture of components designed to produce an effect in the form of heat, light, sound, gas, smoke, or a combination thereof, as a result of self-sustaining exothermic chemical reactions that take place without detonation. A similar process does not depend on oxygen from external sources

Arc steel furnace: device, operating principle, power, control system

Arc steel furnace: device, operating principle, power, control system

Arc steel-smelting furnaces (EAFs) differ from induction furnaces in that the loaded material is directly subjected to electrical bending, and the current at the terminals passes through the charged material

Steel smelting: technology, methods, raw materials

Steel smelting: technology, methods, raw materials

Iron ore is obtained in the usual way: open or underground mining and subsequent transportation for initial preparation, where the material is crushed, washed and processed

Coal: mining in Russia and in the world. Places and methods of coal mining

Coal: mining in Russia and in the world. Places and methods of coal mining

The coal mining industry is the largest segment of the fuel industry. Every year, the level of coal production increases all over the world, new technologies are mastered, equipment is improved

Usinskoye field: main characteristics and features of technologies

Usinskoye field: main characteristics and features of technologies

Usinskoye field: geographic location, description, predicted hydrocarbon reserves. Features of oil and geological structure of the deposit. History of discovery and exploration of the deposit. Oil production technology

Coal enrichment - features, technology, rules and scheme

Coal enrichment - features, technology, rules and scheme

Today, mankind uses coal in many areas of its activity. However, not everyone knows that this resource needs additional processing. Enrichment of coal is the most important process, without which the coal industry cannot do

Volsky Mechanical Plant: history and contacts

Volsky Mechanical Plant: history and contacts

There is a city of Volsk in the Saratov region. Here is the largest mechanical plant specializing in the repair and production of ATGM combat vehicles, which stands for anti-tank missile systems. This article will consider the history of the creation of the Volsk Mechanical Plant, the activities and contacts of the enterprise

Amphoteric surfactants: what they are made of, types, classification, principle of action, additives in household chemicals, pros and cons of use

Amphoteric surfactants: what they are made of, types, classification, principle of action, additives in household chemicals, pros and cons of use

Today there are two opinions. Some say that amphoteric surfactants are harmful substances that should not be used. Others argue that it is not so dangerous at all, but their use is necessary. To understand why this dispute arose, it is necessary to understand what these components are

Russian oil and gas industry

Russian oil and gas industry

Natural gas and oil are the most valuable components of the natural resource base not only for fuel, but for the entire mining industry. The oil and gas industry is one of the most powerful industries in the Russian Federation, largely forming the country's budget and balance of payments

Egg marking: category, type, weight

Egg marking: category, type, weight

Egg is a staple in most recipes and is the breakfast favorite of people all over the world. How to choose a tasty and fresh egg? Egg labeling will help with this. For information on how to read the markings and the expiration date of eggs, read the article

Latex glue: description, composition, characteristics, application

Latex glue: description, composition, characteristics, application

Today, many different compounds are used in order to glue different surfaces, materials, etc. One of the fairly common compounds is latex glue. The main advantage is that, depending on the changes in the composition, the scope also changes

Tempered glass for industry and phones

Tempered glass for industry and phones

Tempered glass is an ordinary transparent sheet type material. It is created by heating to a temperature of 650-680 ° C. After reaching this mark, there is a sharp and uniform air cooling

How he althy is modern chewing gum

How he althy is modern chewing gum

Numerous commercials ingeniously propagate the idea that chewing gum can be a guarantee of a snow-white smile, just open the treasured pack after drinking a cup of tea or coffee

Rosneft gas stations: feedback from employees and customers

Rosneft gas stations: feedback from employees and customers

Reviews of drivers testify to the observance of the order of service at the gas station, the merits of the purchased fuel. It should be recognized that for the most part, motorists single out the company as one of the best. A potential client can quickly, just being on the road, get reliable information about the nearest gas station. Upon arrival, it will be serviced efficiently and promptly. However, Rosneft gas stations in Russia deserve a lot of reviews of a different kind. They are written by employees of the gas stations themselves

Reserved: employee and customer feedback on store performance

Reserved: employee and customer feedback on store performance

Reserved brand is a vivid example of a growing business today. The reviews of him presented in this article will be remembered by readers and inspire them to be as creative and consistent as two Pole friends who managed to make their dream come true

Large American companies: rating

Large American companies: rating

American companies are perhaps the most important players in the global economy. We will talk about them in more detail in the article

What is a combine? This is a union

What is a combine? This is a union

A combine is an association of several organizations, institutions, grouped with one goal or task. How is a manufacturing plant different from a factory? What is a training facility?

High-speed trains. high speed train speed

High-speed trains. high speed train speed

Today there are express trains in almost every country. Let's see which is the fastest train in Russia and the world. Here is a rating of express trains that can reach speeds of over 300 kilometers per hour

Conducting climatic tests, GOST: factors and methods

Conducting climatic tests, GOST: factors and methods

Climatic testing is one of the methods for testing the resistance of products to external factors. Unfavorable environmental conditions can lead to equipment failure, critical state of structures and the risk of their collapse, damage to the integrity of protective coatings, loss of appearance and intensification of corrosion processes. Such tests can be carried out in special closed chambers or at test sites using several methods

Pendulum loops - description

Pendulum loops - description

Many people have heard about pendulum loops, but few people know where they are used. This type is often called bar, western or subway. You should find out how to install these elements correctly. Pendulum loops are often installed in bars. Institutions of this type are decorated in the style of "western". The loops are double sided. They allow the doors to open in both directions

Steel 10HSND: characteristics, properties, composition

Steel 10HSND: characteristics, properties, composition

Sometimes it can be very useful to have a short excerpt in front of your eyes, containing all the most important information on a particular issue. This article is such an excerpt, which contains all the most important information about 10KhSND steel: characteristics, its application, composition and properties

Steel C235: characteristics, properties, composition

Steel C235: characteristics, properties, composition

It often happens that you need to study a large layer of information, and, as usual, there is not much time. In such a situation, articles such as this one are very helpful: informative and concise. For example, this short review contains all the most necessary information regarding the C235 steel grade: its composition, properties, analogues, decoding and scope. Having studied it, anyone can easily find the type of metal he needs, if necessary

CVG steel: composition, application and characteristics

CVG steel: composition, application and characteristics

Studying metallurgy and all its subtleties, you involuntarily begin to experience an irresistible desire to get as much useful information as possible and spend as little time and effort as possible on it. In such a case, this article exists. It contains all the most important information related to CVG steel: deciphering the marking, studying the composition, the use of this alloy, as well as a brief excursion into substitute steels and foreign analogues. Everything you need in one place for everyone's convenience

Hydraulic system: calculation, scheme, device. Types of hydraulic systems. Repair. Hydraulic and pneumatic systems

Hydraulic system: calculation, scheme, device. Types of hydraulic systems. Repair. Hydraulic and pneumatic systems

The hydraulic system is a special device that works on the principle of a liquid lever. Such units are used in the braking systems of cars, in loading and unloading, agricultural machinery and even in the aircraft industry

VKS "Exhaust": description, characteristics

VKS "Exhaust": description, characteristics

Specialists note that Vykhlop has no analogues in the world in terms of a number of characteristics. Its main advantages are large caliber, high lethal force, relatively low weight, a wide range of applicable cartridges

Polyvinyl chloride harm to human he alth: myth or reality

Polyvinyl chloride harm to human he alth: myth or reality

PVC or polyvinyl chloride was once considered a great innovation, a discovery that simplified our way of life. Things that seemed to be a figment of our imagination could be made from wonderful plastic to make our daily activities easier and faster. Whatever the benefits of PVC, this plastic is a known source of toxins for humans and animals

Industrial milk purifier separator: specifications and reviews

Industrial milk purifier separator: specifications and reviews

The basis for the production of meat and milk today are giant farms, where cattle are kept in quantities of more than tens of thousands of heads. With so many animals - including almost constant milking - such farms produce tons of milk per day. And of course, industrial separators are needed to filter milk

Magnetic steels and alloys. Hard and soft steels

Magnetic steels and alloys. Hard and soft steels

Among metals, there are those that have the properties of magnetization. These include iron, nickel and cob alt. Gadolinium acquires ferromagnetic properties at temperatures below 0°C. When these elements are added to the alloy, magnetic steel is obtained. In addition, they are characterized by the presence of residual induction and coercive force

Slotted grating: types and purpose

Slotted grating: types and purpose

Slotted grille is a ventilation equipment designed to supply fresh air and remove exhaust air from rooms with high requirements for design and quality of the air mixture

Rail transport: what is the volume of a railway car

Rail transport: what is the volume of a railway car

The volume of a railway car directly affects the cost of transporting a unit of cargo. This characteristic is inherently related to the type and size of rail cars

Cold-rolled steel: characteristics, features, applications

Cold-rolled steel: characteristics, features, applications

Cold rolled steel is sheets or coils obtained by cold rolling. One of the most demanded types of metal rolling. The main field of application of cold rolled steel sheets is stamping and bending

Aviation aluminum: characteristics

Aviation aluminum: characteristics

Aircraft aluminum accounts for about 75-80% of the total mass of a modern aircraft. And its first use in aviation was recorded even before the invention of the aircraft themselves. For example, Count Ferdinand Zeppelin made frames from aluminum alloy for his famous airships

Aluminum self-adhesive tape: properties, types, characteristics

Aluminum self-adhesive tape: properties, types, characteristics

Aluminum self-adhesive tape is a universal material for technical purposes, which is used both in everyday life and in construction

Pipeline transport: Russian oil pipelines

Pipeline transport: Russian oil pipelines

Russian oil pipelines are one of the key components of the fuel and energy sector of the country's economy. Today, the Russian Federation has an extensive network of oil pipelines, gas pipelines and oil product pipelines of various significance. Pipeline transport connects the territories of most subjects of the Federation, and also serves to export hydrocarbons and products of their processing

Combustible gases: names, properties and applications

Combustible gases: names, properties and applications

Combustible gases - hydrocarbons formed in the earth's crust as a result of thermal decomposition of organic residues. They are highly economical energy fuels

Road geogrid: application and properties

Road geogrid: application and properties

Road geogrid - a reinforcing material made of polymer threads with a protective coating for structural reinforcement of the web in road works

Machine-gun belt: types, purpose, charging

Machine-gun belt: types, purpose, charging

Cartridge belt is the main source of ammunition supply for machine guns and automatic cannons

Loose material (sand, crushed stone): production and sale

Loose material (sand, crushed stone): production and sale

Sand and crushed stone are used as bases for various buildings and landscaping, as well as aggregates for concrete

Coolant (coolant): classification, application

Coolant (coolant): classification, application

The metalworking process is inherently associated with strong friction that occurs between the workpiece and the tool. This is especially evident in turning and milling work, when the cutter is very hot, with cold extrusion, high-speed multi-position heading

Types of crushed stone: description, characteristics, scope and origin

Types of crushed stone: description, characteristics, scope and origin

Crushed stone is a crushed stone and is divided into fractions according to its size. Technical characteristics such as flakiness, density, frost resistance, fraction, radioactivity affect the areas of use of crushed stone and its cost

Fuel and energy balance: description, structure and features

Fuel and energy balance: description, structure and features

The well-being and prosperity of human civilization depend on the availability of sufficient energy resources. The search for alternative fuels seems to be the most logical way forward. However, taking into account the vague prospects of non-traditional energy sources, the issue of rational consumption of available natural resources is of particular importance. Each country is faced with the need to solve this problem

Uzbek fabrics: photos, features and benefits

Uzbek fabrics: photos, features and benefits

Uzbek fabrics appeared thousands of years ago, when three great Khanates were formed on the territory of the modern state: Khiva, Bukhara and Kokand. These fabrics were known far beyond the borders of Uzbekistan. Clothes made of cotton and silk were a sign of high status, so women from the harems of the eastern rulers certainly wore such dresses and hats

Wood waste: main sources of formation and types of disposal

Wood waste: main sources of formation and types of disposal

Humanity is seriously faced with the problem of waste disposal, so all over the world are developing more and more advanced methods of waste disposal. Recycling is now such a fashionable foreign word. In developed countries, resource conservation is an important motivation for wood recycling. How is it in our country?

Used engine oil: characteristics, application, tips

Used engine oil: characteristics, application, tips

Each driver periodically faces the need to change the oil in the engine of his car. This procedure can be performed independently, without contacting a service center. However, in this case, the problem always arises - where to put the used engine oil

Shrink label: features, production technology and reviews

Shrink label: features, production technology and reviews

All people are accustomed to the fact that any product has a label that contains all the necessary information. However, few people know that the technology of applying this element is not caused by the desire to give complete information to the client, but by the fact that the shape of the packaging is most often curvilinear. The shrink label can be worn on almost any surface. This is its main advantage

Low-waste and waste-free technologies: definition, description, problems and principles

Low-waste and waste-free technologies: definition, description, problems and principles

Problems of the harmful effects of industry on the environment have been worrying environmentalists for a long time. Along with modern means of organizing effective methods for the disposal of hazardous waste, options are being developed to minimize the initial damage to the environment