Consumer goods is a word familiar to many, although in the media and advertising it is often replaced by more understandable, but also long expressions. Foreigners who study Russian may be surprised. "Shir" is an abbreviation for "wide", and "consumption" is consumption. Therefore, this concept means "consumer goods". Let's consider its interpretation in more detail below.
Consumer goods - what are these goods?
This term does not include most food and beverages, although they are sometimes packaged and included in this category. Also, consumer goods do not include goods that people rarely buy - furniture, household appliances, cars. What kind of consumer goods from a laptop that can serve properly for 10 years, or from a car, if it sometimes lasts for a generation?
Consumer goods are primarily soap, cleaning and cosmetic and personal hygiene items. For example, shampoo, dish sponges and detergents, toilet paper, wet wipes and toothpaste. They run out fast.
And also consumer goods - these are someelectrical goods, such as light bulbs that burn out after 1000 hours of use, or batteries. Consumer goods include notebooks for families where children go to school, as well as pens, pencils and stationery. The latter have the feature of quickly ending, for example, in large offices.
Medicines can also be included in the category of consumer goods, but this is true for those who often consume them, he althy people can live a year or more without drugs.
Some items of clothing are commodities, such as socks, because they are often torn, but a tie cannot be classified in this category.
Where is it sold?
Consumer goods are sold even in the smallest rural stores. They always have soap, shampoo, paper handkerchiefs, light bulbs, matches, razors, household chemicals.
In cities, there is a good selection of consumer goods in convenience stores and retail chains. These include:
- Magnit, Pyaterochka, Pokupochka, Titan, Baton, Optima, Dixy in Russia and Pud stores in Crimea.
- Rodny Kut, Hippo and Euroopt in Belarus.
- Silpo in Ukraine.
- "Our Market" in Kazakhstan.
- "People's" and "Capital" in Kyrgyzstan.
The largest selection of consumer goods in hypermarkets, for example, in Auchan and Lenta.
Deficit of consumer goods
Shortages of FMCG can occur due to natural disasters, weak economies and other factors such as:
- In the last years of the USSR. Then it got to the point that the soap was on coupons. The same was observed after the Civil War and the Second World War in the late 1940s due to the decline of industry.
- In Venezuela. The country has a weak economy, it produces little of its own, and all this is combined with sanctions and mistakes in government policy.
- In the DPRK. In the 1990s, this was due to the energy crisis, and in recent years, with sanctions.
Famous manufacturers of consumer goods
In Belarus, a major manufacturer of household chemicals is the enterprise "Barkhim" in the city of Baranovichi, light bulbs are made in Brest, soap - in Gomel.
In Russia, soap is made in Kaluga, Rostov, Moscow and other cities at soap factories. Light bulbs are produced, for example, at the Kalashnikovo plant in the Tver region.