Every day, most residents and guests of the Russian Federation use rubles and, a little less often, kopecks. But not many people know the history of this currency. The article will tell about the history of the ruble, give interesting facts, and also touch upon the issue of the circulation of some large banknotes in detail.
The modern currency of Russia is the ruble. Numerous versions agree that the verb "cut" is the same root for the word "ruble". There is also an exotic version that claims that the "ruble" has the same root as the ancient Indian word "rupee" and means "processed silver." For the first time, as a monetary unit, the "ruble" is mentioned in the charters of Veliky Novgorod. During the reign of Dmitry Donskoy, its own minting of coins began in Moscow. At the beginning of the monetary reform, 1 Moscow ruble was equal to 100 Novgorod money or 200 Moscow money, which were called kopecks. Currently, the price of the ruble is one hundred kopecks.
When mintedthe first ruble and other interesting facts about the Russian currency
- In 1654, the first 1 ruble coin was minted, which was in circulation for no more than a year. The minting of ruble coins resumed under Peter 1, since then it has not stopped to this day.
- In addition to the coat of arms, Russian emperors were depicted on the money of Tsarist Russia: Alexander II, Catherine the Great, Peter I.
- Interestingly, Ivan Ivanovich Dubasov designed the first Soviet ruble, which was issued in 1919. Until 1992, the front side of banknotes featured the image of Lenin, which was replaced by the appearance of a stylized Moscow Kremlin.
- Due to the fact that foreign currency is widely used in the internal circulation of modern Russia, rubles needed an officially approved symbol.
- Monuments to the 1 ruble coin were installed in Tomsk and Dimitrovgrad.
- In the Pokemon game, the pokedollar currency is also indicated as the ruble.
All about the banknote of five hundred rubles: design
"Pyatikhatka", "petenka", "violet", "Peter" - all these are colloquial names of the most common and popular banknote in Russia in denomination of five hundred rubles, the design of which is dedicated to Arkhangelsk. The drawing of the banknote depicts a monument to Peter the Great against the background of the river and sea stations, on the reverse side a panorama of the Solovetsky Monastery is visible. Around Solovki, many copies were broken on banking forums. Even the topic of the image on the back of the banknote of the training ship was exaggeratedArgentine Navy "Libertad" with references to sources where its full description is given. Until 2010, the churches depicted on the banknote were crowned with hipped roofs, not domes, which gives the right to assume that this is the Solovetsky camp, and not a monastery. Subsequently, the modification of the bill changed: the image of the monastery is presented from a different angle and with domes, but the ship is missing. There is another incorrect opinion that the barque "Sedov" is depicted on the banknote of five hundred rubles. The version is erroneous, because the ship on the banknote is three-masted, and the Sedov is a four-masted ship.
Various issues of 500 ruble banknotes
There are several modifications and issues of five hundred rubles banknotes. Currently, there are 4 types of such banknotes in circulation: a sample of 1997, and the same sample, but modifications of 2001, 2004 and 2011. All four types are accepted in payments throughout Russia. Since this banknote is the most popular, the Bank of Russia is constantly increasing the level of money protection, introducing more modified options into circulation. The 500 ruble banknote issued in 2010 is considered the most secure. The prevailing color of the banknote is violet-blue, the size is 150x65 mm. The paper incorporates two-tone and gray fibers, fine embossed strokes, security threads and watermarks. When combining the reverse and front sides, their fragments coincide, forming a single pattern. The digits of the serial number of the banknote of five hundred rubles of the modification of 2010 gradually increase from left to right, on the reverse side the image has changed, some of the elements of which have magnetic properties.
The largest banknote in Russia
In the framework of this article, it is worth mentioning what is the largest banknote of the ruble. Many people remember that in 1997 the currency of the Russian Federation was redenominated and the account went not into millions, as it was before, but into thousands. The production of a five thousandth banknote is typical for a period of hyperinflation or a low ruble against other world currencies. Banknotes in denominations of 5,000 rubles were issued in different years by both the government of the country and separatist associations. The front side of the banknote depicts a monument to N.N. Muravyov-Amursky, on the reverse - a bridge over the Amur River, the dominant color is red-orange. Interestingly, there are several sites on the Internet selling banknotes with very unusual numbers. Many people love the magic of numbers and are willing to pay a lot of money for phone or car numbers. No less popular among collectors are banknotes with numbers like 1234567, 0000001, 7777777, etc. There are even orders from those who want to receive a banknote with a home or mobile phone number. We hope that our article helped you learn more about the ruble currency, as well as about the popular banknotes currently in circulation.