In the article we will consider the main tasks of the organization. After all, modern society interacts with many different organizations. This interaction occurs daily and determines the social, social, financial background of a person's life.
The concept of organization - what is it?
An organization is defined as a group of people interacting with each other to achieve common goals, with the help of financial, legal and other conditions. Goals before them are set by the head and provides them with material, labor, information resources. This approach is an effective method of coordinating work in the company to quickly achieve certain desires. The larger it is, the higher the goals and objectives of the organization.
Each organization has its own distinctive features:
- Set goals. Publicly defined goals determine the meaning of existence, set a specificdirection of actions to the participants, connect and bring them together. But at the same time, there are enterprises where the goal is a common existence.
- Alienation, which consists in the isolation of internal processes and the presence of boundaries separating the enterprise from the external environment. The border can be material (wall, fence) and intangible (prohibition, restrictions, statutes, etc.). Such an example can be a closed circulation of funds of a financial institution, when all production costs are fully paid off as a result of the sale of products.
- Distribution of labor between workers.
- The presence of economic, technological, managerial information, social links between its individual components to ensure mutual support.
- Independent regulation of internal issues, taking into account the set specific tasks, both external and internal. Such tasks are determined by an internal center that coordinates all types of activities, people, and there may be several of them, but there is always a main one.
- The organization is distinguished by cultural values, traditions, religion, norms of behavior, symbols. Which largely determine the nature of relationships and the direction of people's behavior.
The tasks and functions of an organization are important.
What are the main goals?
Every organization has a purpose, larger ones can have many. This is a specific result, strictly defined in terms of time, and which is necessary for execution, determinedin the original mission.
The key goal of the organization is its own production. If the organization loses this goal or deliberately suppresses it, then its existence becomes questionable. If an organization loses its internal orientation to survival, only sufficiently powerful external forces can save it. In this case, a lot of effort will be spent on recovery.
The goal of many organizations is to transform some resources to achieve a result. The resources that are so necessary for the organization include: labor, financial, technological, informational.
Achievement of goals is always accompanied by restrictions, which are set either by the organization itself or from outside.
Internal and external restrictions
Internal constraints include: firm principle, cost ratio, production, funding, level of marketing, managerial capacity, etc.
External restrictions include: legislative law, a jump in inflation, the market of competitors, changes in the economic situation in the market, the financial issue of cooperation with regular partners and debtors and others.
In setting its goals, the organization first of all defines four important areas for itself:
- income of the organization;
- collaboration with customers;
- material support of employees;
- social protection.
Blarge companies, there are several different structures and more than one level of management, from which the hierarchy of goals is made up, which is the division of higher-level goals into lower-level goals. The peculiarity of this construction is due to the fact that:
- for a high level of the hierarchy, goals with a broader nature and a longer time interval are defined;
- low-level goals are the basis for the implementation of higher-level goals.
In organizations, they analyze existing goals using a special model for this. When building this model, their formulation includes: the content of the mission (what are we achieving?), the scope of the goal (what should be the scale?), the time to achieve (what is the deadline?).
Objectives of the organization
The main direction of the division of labor in the company is the definition of problems. They are prescribed not to a specific employee, but directly to his position, department or branches, which are resolved in a certain format within a specified period.
The tasks of the organization are mainly related to the planning of current work and are of a more operational nature. They are divided according to the work performed with people, with equipment, with information. Also, their common characteristics include: frequency and time to complete.
The tasks of the organization are closely related to the specifics of the work.
What does the management team do?
The main task of managing an organization is the successful functioning of an economic entity. Andprofit is not the main reason for the existence of the enterprise. Income guarantees the further functioning of the company, since the profit received allows you to overcome the risks that arise with the sale of goods on the market. With a constant increase in the number of competitors, with changes in financing conditions, an unstable economic situation in the industry, the goal of management is to overcome all kinds of risks.
The main tasks of the management organization are as follows:
- selection of qualified workers;
- material incentives for the work of employees, the creation of comfortable working conditions;
- control of the work performed by all departments;
- entering new markets;
- setting goals for campaign development;
- highlighting priority goals;
- timely problem solving;
- monitoring issues raised.
We have considered the tasks of managing the organization. Every company has a structure. It reveals the connections and relationships between departments at different levels. Economists distinguish the following types of relationships:
- Vertical (supervisor - subordinate).
- Horizontal - equal management links that contribute to better interaction between departments.
- Linear-functional, when the functional prepares information for the manager, who takes full responsibility.
- Divisional - these are structures with independent ownservices (for example, subsidiaries that are registered as a separate legal entity).
- Matrix, in which activities are carried out in several directions at once. This configuration can be used in a design organization.
- Combined subdivisions are grouped according to various characteristics and criteria. This makes it possible to create a system corresponding to the strategy, to combine the principle of unified leadership with specialization. But flexible configuration does not always work, it leads to frequent vertical interaction.
The objectives of the organization's structure, regulations on subdivisions, regulations, due instructions, staffing, management regulations, and budget must be developed without fail. To do this, it is necessary to study the specifics of relations, the economic and social situation of the company. The best management of an organization is an understanding of the main features and principles of functioning, compliance with external obligations, successful interaction with various structures of society, both commercial and non-commercial.