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Management priorities: concept, types, structure and tasks

Management priorities: concept, types, structure and tasks
Management priorities: concept, types, structure and tasks
Anonim

Management is always a responsible job, and in order to successfully cope with it, it is necessary to single out the main tasks, structure their implementation.

Public Administration Priorities

Government Priorities

Government bodies are obliged to ensure the conditions for the constant development of the state in a positive direction. One of these conditions is the growing demographics. To maintain it, the first priority will be to raise the birth rate and reduce the death rate (and their ratio will serve as an indicator, respectively). The second is the satisfaction of the needs associated with life expectancy (the indicator is the average life expectancy of the population). Thirdly, the comfort of life. Fourth, competent administration of processes related to migration. Fifth, life safety.

Do not forget that the administrative apparatus acts as a regulator of relations between very different human groups (between religious communities, nationalities, etc.). In this case, the control priority will be the generality of the actionlaws, taking into account traditional features, with the possibility of some assumptions. As well as the right of every individual to choose a religion, to preserve the traditions and language of their ethnic group.

The system of priorities in government management also implies ensuring the social protection of certain groups of the population, is carried out by providing material and non-material assistance, creating conditions for the free movement and life of people with limited mobility.

A steadily developing economy is the main driver of processes related to improving the quality and standard of living. Finally, the unity of territories, self-determination in the field of statehood, democracy, maintaining high positions in terms of indicators on the world stage are also included in the area of ​​tasks to be solved.

Design priorities

Project - second level priorities

Unlike government tasks, projects have a lower level of importance.

Actually, the management of priorities in the project is set on the basis of indicators: benefits, risks, place in the intended strategy. In other words, the project must bring profit, justify the risks associated with its implementation and not fall out of the overall strategy, concept. Competent managers pay special attention to the performers and project participants: their selection, personal qualities, beliefs, standard of living.

Priorities in everyday life

Eisenhower Matrix - Prioritization

For an ordinary person, his self-development is one of the main goalsvital activity. Goal prioritization will greatly help this. In this case, priority is given to directions that affect the internal state, the acquisition of the desired. And only after that - bearing an external orientation. It is logical that more time and effort should be allocated to the direction pushing us towards development.

Time management

balance of effort and result

Now the systems of priorities in management, tied to time, are gaining popularity, since it is the most expensive resource in the 20th century. For this, various developed time hackings are used. For example, the 80/20 rule (20% of the effort gives 80% of the result), the Pomodoro method (special alternating time intervals for rest and work - various applications for smartphones and smart watches serve to comply with them), banal daily journaling, etc.

Priorities in structuring

In solving problems, Eisenhower matrices can serve as a stronghold and help - a structured systematization of the goal and tasks that will need to be solved on the way to it. Each action and result is signed here. In other words, this is competent planning and stepwise implementation with self-control.

Wall board and stickers are best suited for compiling it. Each sticker is a task. As you complete them, you will need to remove them. Planning will take a lot of time and a lot of effort. So it’s better to immediately decide whether this method is suitable for a person personally, whether it will be able to proportionally accurately set deadlines for completing tasks and comply with the goals outlined by oneself.timing.

More accessible is the prioritization of life management in a short time. Such intended goals are easier to conquer. By analogy with a big pie - it's easiest to eat it in pieces, rather than trying to deal with it all at once.

Global priorities

Over a long period of human history, experts were able to identify 6 global methods of managing a person in particular and peoples in general. Ascending upwards - the calculation of the possession of weapons. From time immemorial, it has served as a tool for dominating some over others. However, this has changed over the 20th century - a person now owns a weapon, with its power capable of destroying both sides of the conflict.

The second is based on the first - hot wars have given way to cold ones. This is no longer a weapon in its usual sense, but alcoholism, drug addiction, low-quality products. The result is a general decline in he alth, mortality. Media, culture and propaganda serve as accomplices.

As highlighted earlier, government priorities include economic well-being. In this area, borrowing, lending, etc., causes addiction. To initiate "life on credit" it is necessary to prepare a high-quality foundation, which requires a lot of labor and time. But the result is worth it - a layer of bankers will control the state, by setting interest rates and dictating their terms.

Propaganda is the easiest and most reliable way to introduce specific ideas to the masses. The development of mass media only contributes to this. Distortion of history, its oblivion leads torepeated mistakes, adverse situations.

As a result, the most important way to influence a person is formed - a change in worldview. It is this that influences the selection of priorities by the individual. A change in the perception of reality is formed gradually and for a long time from previous methods of influence, but it is precisely this change that is deeply rooted in the consciousness of the masses, firmly fettering and closing the circle of interests of a person. An example is caste India, where a person from the lowest caste does not even allow the thought that he can change it. Even if such an opportunity appeared, a few out of millions would take advantage of it - the worldview of the rest simply would not allow it to be a priori imagined.

The impact of prioritization on life

Priorities in an individual's life

The first effect of this action is manifested at the beginning of a person's thoughts about this. Questions immediately pop up in your head about what you need to do or not to do in order to get out of a crisis situation, improve your well-being, achieve your goal, etc. Finding answers to such questions allows you to discard unnecessary habits and useless actions at the beginning of the journey.

The key result will be the determination of one's predisposition to any business, craft, activity, be it a sport, entrepreneurship, art, etc. We are not inclined to spend a huge amount of a priceless resource on operations that are alien to us unconsciously. Having outlined the priorities for managing our life, project, organization, we will set the vector of development, the way and way to overcome it, the means and timing of implementation.

Psychologists and psychiatrists note: a person who has independently determined his priorities and goals, manages life and is less susceptible to external factors that incline towards something. This also happens because a person, when planning, throws away unnecessary temporary parasites that are obstacles on the way.

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