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How to clean your credit history in Russia? Where and for how long is the credit history kept?
How to clean your credit history in Russia? Where and for how long is the credit history kept?
Anonim

Not all borrowers have an equal chance of getting a loan. Those who have previously been in arrears may permanently lose the opportunity to receive borrowed funds. Bad credit history is the reason why banks are reluctant to make loans. It can become a big problem. To avoid difficulties when applying, you should know the options for how to clean your credit history in Russia. Read more about this in the article.

What is a credit score?

Credit history plays an important role in assessing the solvency of the borrower. It reflects the degree of his responsibility.

Information on loans is presented as a rating with points. The higher the score, the more likely the loan is approved.

Where is credit history kept?

Rating is individual. It is assigned to the client after registration:

  1. Mortgages.
  2. Loan.
  3. Credit.
  4. Credit or installment cards.
  5. Overdraft cards.

What affects credit history?

Not all clientsthose applying for a loan understand the principle of rating formation. Some payers are sure that 1-2 delays for a month will not prevent them from taking a mortgage or a loan in the amount of 500 thousand rubles or more. But they are wrong.

Banks and MFOs transmit data on all delays to the CBI, including repayment with a delay of 1-2 days. Such violations of the agreement will not cause a refusal to issue a loan, but affect the borrower's rating.

Early repayment also slightly affects credit history. Banks lose profits if customers close loans prematurely. Therefore, early repayment is undesirable for those who already have delays.

When making payments on schedule, actively using a credit card or installment plan, the borrower's history will be close to ideal. You can learn it for free: once a year, the client has the opportunity to make a request to the BCI without a commission. A second request will cost at least 390 rubles.

Knowing what rating, the payer can start looking for options on how to clean up the credit history in Russia. If you wish, you can correct the rating within 1-3 months.

Why fix history?

Hard defaulters have a bad credit history. For those who always regularly contribute according to the schedule - excellent. There is a separate category of citizens who did not take loans and did not issue credit cards. Their "characteristic" is zero or absent.

how to fix credit history for free

All payers want to know where their credit history is kept. Banks are not authorized to disclose data fromthey take information about the solvency of customers.

Information about all payments on a loan, mortgage or credit card is transferred to the BKI - credit history bureau. Banks and MFIs cooperate with one or more organizations at the same time, transmitting data and requesting information about payers. The largest BCIs are:

  1. "National Credit Bureau".
  2. "Equifax".
  3. "Infocredit".
  4. "United Credit Bureau".
  5. "Russian Standard".

How long is the credit history kept in the BKI?

Information is stored here for 15 years. After that, the credit history is "reset". The shelf life is too long and does not suit those who allowed delays. Therefore, such clients are looking for options on how to clean their credit history in Russia in order to take out loans again.

how to clear credit history in bki

BKI cannot correct the "characteristic" at the request of the client: such a service does not exist. Companies offering these options are scammers.

Methods for correcting the rating

To get the opportunity to apply for loans again, the borrower must follow several procedures in sequence:

  1. Finish and repay 3-5 loans for amounts up to 15 thousand rubles.
  2. Get rid of existing debts and delinquencies.
  3. Actively use a credit card or installment card.
  4. Refuse early repayment.

Correction of credit history with loans

Since the borrower's rating is formed by complying with the terms of the loan agreement, to correct the history, it is best to take a new loan and repay it on time. This is the easiest option.

how to clear credit history for free

8 out of 10 online sites issue loans with bad credit history without refusal. Some companies, such as Zaimer, have a special loan to correct "characteristics".

Option Benefits:

  • information about the repayment of the loan is instantly transmitted to the BKI;
  • the client himself chooses on what terms to apply for a loan (you can use a special loan to "treat" a credit history, but MFIs with a high percentage of approval also issue ordinary loans to people with delays);
  • it is allowed to apply for loans in 2-3 MFIs at the same time (relevant for those who want to improve their rating within a month).

Obtaining loans is limited by the conditions of the lender and the financial capabilities of the client. In order not to aggravate the situation, it is not recommended to conclude contracts with more than 3 companies at the same time. A delay in one of the MFIs will lead to an even greater decrease in the rating and a possible refusal to issue online loans in the future.

How to clean up your credit history in BKI using loans:

  1. Apply to an MFI with a low rejection rate. This is a lender that issues loans to customers with delays and without references.
  2. Get the first loan for the minimum amount. To correct your credit history, it is recommended to take a loan for 1-3 thousand rubles.
  3. Repay the loan on time, avoiding early repayment.
  4. Take out a new loan with an amount greater than the first loan. An increase in the initial loan amount will increase loy alty and will indicate the client's solvency.
  5. Repay the secondary loan without delay.
  6. Repeat steps 4 and 5.
  7. how to fix credit history after delinquency

To increase the rating, you need at least 3 issued and repaid loans on time. The interval between the conclusion of contracts should not exceed 1 month.

Repayment of delinquencies

The presence of existing delays up to 97% reduces the chances of obtaining a loan. Therefore, the first step is to pay them off. Loans with bad credit without refusal are issued to those who have repaid their debts. If the client has an outstanding fine or forfeit under a payment agreement, it is recommended to get rid of them first.

Banks are demanding on their customers: it is impossible to get a loan for a borrower with delays. MFIs issue loans to correct "characteristics" on the condition that the client will make payments on time. Repayment of delinquencies is one of the options to clean your credit history in Russia legally. All applicable fines are taken into account. Credit cards, mortgage or overdraft card also count.

Improve your rating with a credit card

An option suitable for payers with zero or very bad credit history is the active use of a credit card or an installment card. It's very simple! With the help of the card, the client can solve the problem of howfix your credit history for free. The rating will increase, as will the loy alty of borrowers.

how long is credit history kept in bki

To appreciate the benefits of the option, you need to use a credit card or installment plan during the grace period. For a credit card, it ranges from 20 to 100 days, depending on the bank. "AlfaBank" offers credit cards with a period of up to 100 days, in "Tinkoff" - up to 55 days without interest, in "Sberbank" - up to 50 inclusive.

Within the grace period, the client can pay by card without charging interest. If the owner repays the entire amount of the debt during the grace period, he will not have to pay a commission to the bank. At the same time, the borrower's rating will grow, since payments during the grace period on a credit card are included in the analysis of credit history.

The installment card is attractive because you can buy any product from partners and not pay interest for up to 12 months. Each store, cafe or outlet has its own installment terms.

Failure to make early payments

When applying for long-term loans, the client receives a payment schedule. The method of payment, annuity or differentiated, does not matter. Early repayment of the loan allows you to quickly pay off the lender, but it partially violates the loan agreement.

When making payments ahead of schedule, the balance of the principal debt, on which the bank charges interest, decreases. This affects the amount of overpayment - interest for use. Banks and MFIs have a negative attitude towards early payments, thereforeclient's rating for depositing funds ahead of schedule is slightly reduced.

One of the ways to improve credit history after delinquencies is to refuse to make early payments. Especially taken into account are loans issued for 1 year or more and repaid within 1-3 months from the date of receipt. The next time the bank or MFI may refuse to issue a loan, as the lender is not interested in issuing a loan without interest.

Can I fix my rating for free?

Clients who had previously defaulted on loans were sometimes unable to make a payment. Lack of funds was often due to job loss, a pay cut, a serious illness or life difficulties.

Such payers can't always afford to spend money on paying a commission to correct "characteristics". But for them there is an option to clean the credit history for free.

Some MFIs offer new clients to apply for a loan online for free. The conditions of the action include obtaining a loan in the amount of up to 10 thousand rubles for a period not exceeding 2 weeks.

loans with bad credit history

If the loan is repaid at 0% within the specified period, the MFI does not require payment from the client, and his credit history will be improved. In addition, the payer will be able to get a second loan on special conditions - for regular customers.

Not all MFIs have a free loan, in addition, the borrower can use the offer only 1 time. In case of delay, its rating will be lowered, and the microloanwill require the return of loan funds, taking into account fines and interest for the use of funds.

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