A few years ago, long-fruited cucumbers appeared in stores only in the middle of spring. For a long time it was believed that they are seasonal, suitable only for making salads, as an alternative to conventional varieties. Today, thanks to the efforts of breeders, gardeners have a huge selection of planting material for unique varieties that have a long growing season, can grow in greenhouses and greenhouses, in open ground. Varieties are perfect for fresh consumption, preparation of vegetable salads, as well as for conservation. Thanks to the features of such cucumbers, you can get an early and plentiful harvest. Today we will talk about the best varieties of long-fruited cucumbers. Photos and reviews are waiting for you below!
Varieties and care requirements
Cucumber seeds of this category must be sown in early or mid-March, and in April, seedlings should be transferred to greenhouse soil. hybrids,that breeders have bred are quite resistant to temperature extremes, bacteria and viruses, which are typical for seedlings grown in a greenhouse. It is possible to divide varieties according to the method of cultivation into three groups:
- for protected ground (that is, you can plant such cucumbers in greenhouses and greenhouses);
- for open ground (this group includes self-pollinated varieties of long-fruited cucumbers, the names and photos of which you will find below);
- Asian varieties (these can be planted both in beds and in greenhouses).
Of course, when choosing planting material, you should carefully study the instructions. Remember: breeding specimens must be selected based on the climatic conditions of your region. Caring for long-fruited cucumbers differs little from caring for ordinary vegetables. They respond well to mineral fertilizing and organic fertilizers, require rich black earth soil, moistening and loosening of the soil. Gardeners say: following all the rules of care, you can pick fresh fruits until mid-autumn.
And right now we offer you a selection of varieties of long cucumbers belonging to different types!
Cucumbers of this group can be planted exclusively in greenhouses and greenhouses under film cover. The plant should be well protected from bad weather, wind and temperature extremes.
The advantages of the group include the fact that such cucumbers produce crops without pollination, that is, even without the participation of insects, in inclement weather.Fruiting is continuous, there are no seeds in the fruits, which significantly improves the structure of the fruits and their taste. The shoots of such cucumbers are quite large, powerful, vegetables are not bitter even with insufficient moisture.
Baby F1 long-fruited cucumber is highly resistant to common viral diseases such as cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew and cladosporiosis. Among the advantages of the hybrid, gardeners note its high yield and a rather long growing season. In terms of ripening, cucumbers can be classified as early, their growth rates are average. The cucumbers themselves are long and smooth, subject to all the features of care and fertilizing, vegetables can reach a length of 16-18 centimeters. With long-term storage and long-term transportation, Baby F1 retains its excellent commercial qualities and excellent taste.
This hybrid variety of long-fruited cucumbers is perfect for growing in both film and glass greenhouses and greenhouses. The growth force is average, but the yield and resistance to temperature extremes are quite high. Emily feels great even in shaded areas. The length of vegetables can reach 22 centimeters, they are characterized by an almost perfect cylindrical shape and a smooth skin structure. The fruits are dark green.
If you plan to plant long-fruited cucumbers in a low-light area or in shaded greenhouses, you should pay attention tothis hybrid. Summer residents say: he is one of the best in his group: the hybrid is perfectly stored for a long time, the growth capacity is average, the growing season is long. The color of the skin of cucumbers Formula F1 is deep green, the length of the fruit can reach 24 centimeters. Cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic and powdery mildew are not terrible for this hybrid.
This hybrid variety of long-fruited cucumbers is characterized by early fruiting. It should be grown in greenhouses, on stakes. The peel of the fruit is very strong, dense and even, the length of vegetables can reach 18-22 centimeters. Paladinka differs from other hybrids of this group in that one ovary can produce three to four fruits. In addition, gardeners note that the hybrid is not afraid of cladosporiosis, powdery mildew and anthracnose.
Among the best long-fruited cucumbers, experienced gardeners distinguish superstar F1. During the ripening period, vegetables of this variety can reach a length of 30 centimeters. That is why the hybrid is incredibly in demand in farm greenhouses. Vegetable growers also note its unsurpassed taste, and excellent presentation. A spring-summer variety, a powerful plant has a high regeneration rate. The fruits are slightly ribbed, their structure is dense and juicy. In addition to a long growing season, Superstar F1 is resistant to almost all fungal and viral diseases.
Gardeners who want to grow cucumbers 15-16 centimeters long on the plot should pay attentionfor this hybrid. It is characterized by such characteristics as a high rate of fruit ripening, early fruiting. Cucumbers are dense and juicy, with a smooth surface, painted in dark green. You can transfer seedlings to the greenhouse as early as the beginning or middle of March.
Cucumbers of this hybrid variety should be planted in capital greenhouses. Subject to all the features of agricultural technology, the length of the fruit can reach 40 cm! A distinctive feature of the hybrid gardeners call year-round vegetation, resistance to sudden changes in temperature, lack of lighting. Vista does not require abundant regular watering, but at the same time gives a good harvest. The skin of cucumbers is dense and even, it has a light green color.
Another self-pollinating variety of long-fruited cucumbers has rich and stable yields. The length of one vegetable can be from 30 to 35 centimeters. Tribute is resistant to viral fungal diseases, well tolerates lack of lighting. Due to the dense structure of the fruit and strong skin, it can be stored fresh for a long time.
Bee pollinated varieties for greenhouses and open beds
Cucumbers that belong to this group can be grown outdoors or in a greenhouse and greenhouse. The varieties are insect-pollinated, which means that the greenhouse must have a structure with an openable roof or windows. Caring for this type of cucumber comes down to regular weeding, fertilizing, watering and tying to the trellis. It is important to maintain a certain humidity duringactive growth and fruit formation. Even a short-term drying of the soil can cause the cucumbers to start to taste bitter. This cannot be eliminated by subsequent waterings. It is not recommended to use cold water for irrigation - this usually leads to the appearance of gray rot and even slowing down the growth and development of the plant. In order for cucumbers to retain moisture, they must be mulched. It is advisable to do this with organic materials, for example, you can use mowed grass. So that during prolonged rains cucumber bushes are not affected by gray rot, it is recommended to tie them up on trellises.
If you choose seeds of long-fruited cucumbers, which will be highly resistant to temperature changes, resistance to viral diseases that are typical for early vegetable crops grown in open ground, pay attention to the Lily F1 hybrid. This is one of the earliest and highest yielding varieties. Experienced gardeners say: seedlings should be planted in open ground as early as the beginning of April. Ripe fruits reach a length of 25-27 cm, they are characterized by a delicate dark green skin.
This hybrid is absolutely not afraid of downy mildew, any damage that is associated with damage to the stems by insects. That is why Chir is used by gardeners when grown outdoors. The variety was bred by American breeders; its main advantages include rapid maturation and stable high yields. Fruitdense, shiny, smooth, their color is dark green. The average size of cucumbers can reach 22 cm, but if organic fertilizers are applied, the fruit length can be about 30 centimeters.
For a film greenhouse, Amanda F1 is the best fit. Gardeners who have already appreciated the merits of this variety say: the hybrid belongs to the category of early high-yielding ones. It is characterized by high disease resistance, excellent growth rates. The fruits are cylindrical and dark green. The length of one cucumber can reach 28-30 cm. The peel of vegetables is smooth and dense. Amanda is not afraid of viral diseases such as powdery mildew and downy mildew, as well as cucumber mosaic.
Among the earliest hybrids for open ground and Marquise F1. These cucumbers are characterized by powerful rapid growth, long growing season, resistance to shaded places, low light and low temperatures. The length of the fruit is quite small: only 20-22 cm. Cucumbers are smooth, shiny, dark green.
Despite the fact that Chinese greenhouse hybrids of long-fruited cucumbers (pictured) appeared on domestic plots not so long ago, summer residents have already fallen in love with them. It's all about their low cost, stable yield, disease resistance and undemanding care. True, in order to get a good harvest, you need to ask the seller about the availability of certificates for planting materials andsales licenses. The fact is that recently unscrupulous sellers are increasingly offering unlicensed goods, which, of course, are inferior to high-quality Chinese hybrids in all respects.
Choose productive varieties of long-fruited cucumbers for greenhouses and open ground? Summer residents recommend paying attention to the Vanguard F1. This hybrid is characterized by a female type of flowering, the plant is characterized by powerful growth and a long growing season. The fruits are cylindrical and usually dark green in color. The skin is quite dense, with tubercles and small white pimples.
The advantages of this variety include high resistance to diseases such as powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic. It should also be noted that the fruiting period is long. The alligator is suitable for fresh consumption, for the preparation of seamings. A productive hybrid belongs to the category of mid-season, it feels good in greenhouses and in the open field. The fruits are cylindrical, dark green, with large tubercles and a bright glossy surface. The length of one vegetable, according to the manufacturer, is 35-40 cm, the weight of a long-fruited cucumber is 300 grams. However, with fertilizing and proper care, gardeners get specimens 70-80 centimeters long. Actually, this cucumber looks more like a zucchini.
In recent years, Asian varieties have been replenished with such hybrids as Chinese White, White Delicatessen, Chinese Miracle. All these hybrids have one thing in common:they need some care and watering regimen. That is why, when choosing such varieties for your site, you must carefully read all the requirements for caring for them.