Today, representatives of both the male half of humanity and the female half of humanity can work as policemen in Russia. The first requirement is an age range of 18 to 35 years. If you meet it and want to learn how to become a policeman, then you need to carefully study all the criteria by which future defenders of the country are selected. In addition to meeting the required qualities, you should be prepared for the fact that you need to prepare certain materials and pass a serious medical, psychological and professional commission.
Where future police officers are trained
The profession of a policeman, like any other, requires special education. If the decision on future work is made before graduation, it is possible to choose the right educational institution. In our country, there are three universities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which have branches in all regions of Russia and 5 academies. In addition, there are many institutes, schools and Suvorov schools of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In each of them, you can get the appropriate education.
However, if you don'tgraduated from an educational institution under the department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, but you have a diploma of higher legal education from any university in the country, this will greatly help you in the question of how to become a policeman. Even if you have a different education, if you want to get this profession. You will be directed to accelerated courses, after which you can apply. At the same time, it is desirable that your education is not lower than secondary specialized.
Documents required for employment
If the first two requirements (age and education) suit you, then you should determine the documents that are needed to apply for a job. So, the third step of the question, how to become a policeman in Russia, requires the following steps:
- preparation of copies of documents: personal passport of Russian and foreign, diploma of education, TIN, certified work book;
- writing a job application;
- filling out the application form for a job candidate;
- writing an autobiography.
You also need to provide recommendations from at least two law enforcement officers working in the structure for at least 3 years, and documents confirming your income. This may be a certificate from the accounting department of a previous job or from the tax authorities.
Requirements for candidates for service
The next step is to confirm your eligibility. How can you become a police officer? First of all, you need excellent physical preparation. To check compliance with this paragraph, youyou will have to go through a serious medical commission, which consists of doctors of almost all specializations. Usually this check takes at least 3 days. The list of doctors you need to go through is different, it depends on the specific position you are applying for. The standard medical board includes a consultation with the following specialists:
This list may vary depending on the gender of the candidate. For example, women need to additionally undergo an examination by a gynecologist and a mammologist.
In addition, you must pass blood and urine tests, as well as pass a drug test. Then you need to do a fluorography and an ECG. It is also necessary to obtain certificates from dispensaries stating that you do not have mental disorders, tuberculosis or sexually transmitted diseases.
Psychological testing and sports training
It is impossible to answer the question of how to become a policeman without diagnosing the candidate's psychological he alth. To pass this test, you need to fill out various questionnaires and answer many questions in writing, among which there are those that reveal the degree of truthfulness of the answers. This commission may in some cases include a lie detector test. After the written part, you need to go through an oral interview with a psychologist and answer a number of his questions.
After passingcommissions should confirm their physical fitness. It is usually tested with exercises such as push-ups, pull-ups and sprints. In the matter of passing these checks, serving in the army will be your advantage.
In addition to he alth, the biography will also be carefully checked, both yours and your immediate family. Having a criminal record for you or one of them is a guaranteed job denial.
Passing an interview
If all of the above steps are successfully completed, you will be invited for an interview. The questions that will be asked in this case can be absolutely anything. They may relate to your childhood, hobbies, personal life and plans for the future. Do not forget that your goal at the moment is the answer to the question of how to become a police officer.
The interview is a very important part of the hiring decision, so you need to carefully prepare for it. First of all, you need to have a neat appearance. Jeans, sneakers and other attributes of a sporty style are inappropriate in this case. Men just need to put on a suit or at least dress pants and a shirt, shave and cut their hair. Women can be advised a business suit with a skirt no higher than the knee, comfortable shoes, preferably with heels, a modest hairstyle, a minimum of jewelry and cosmetics.
During the interview, you need to remember the basic rules of the psychology of communication:
- look the other person in the eye;
- don't cross your arms and don'thide them under the table;
- do not cross your legs;
- Be natural and kind.
The more nervous you are, the more questions the other person will have.
If you successfully passed the interview, then you may soon be invited to work. However, it is a mistake to think that this is the last stage of the question of how to become a policeman. After successfully completing all the listed steps, you will have an internship, which can last from one to three months. During this time, the police officer assigned to you will be responsible for you. If the internship is completed successfully, you will be offered to start work for a trial period. And only after it is over, it will be possible to say that your career as a policeman has begun.
Women on guard of order
Recently, more and more women have expressed a desire to work in law enforcement. That is why the question of how to become a police girl is quite relevant. It should be noted that when applying both to educational institutions and directly to work, they do not make much indulgence for the female sex. Passing commissions and confirming physical fitness for them are mandatory items.
According to statistics, in recent years, the number of girls entering the educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs has increased significantly. However, after graduation and the beginning of a career, the fair sex faceschoice: family or work. More than 70% decide the issue in favor of the husband and children, which is why girls are so reluctant to take both to study and to work.
How to become a police officer after grade 9
Many students who are determined to become police officers in the future start specialized training after 9th grade. To do this, you can enter the police school, where they are accepted already from this age, or the cadet corps. You can also go to college to study law.
If a decision is made to study at a police school or a cadet corps, then you must confirm your compliance with the requirements of the educational institution. This is the passage of psychological testing, medical examination and verification of physical fitness. You also need to pass an exam in history in oral form and in the Russian language in the form of a dictation, composition or presentation. After graduation, further admission to a higher educational institution is required to obtain a rank above a junior lieutenant.
Our service is both dangerous and difficult…
Thus, the requirements for a candidate for a job in law enforcement are quite high. However, if you want to be not just an employee, but you are interested in how to become a good police officer, then first of all you must love your profession and imagine all future difficulties.
This is the daily exposure of one's own life to risk, the minimum amount of free time, daily duty, urgent calls to work and many other difficulties. And only dedicationcan help you become a really good professional and reach the heights of the career ladder.