Printing is not always considered the final stage in the printing industry. Post-print processing is often required to protect the product from damage and give it a decorative look. This work is carried out by various printers. There are different types of post-print processing, which will be discussed in the article.
This procedure can also be performed before printing, during the preparation of paper for shipment to the press, and it is always performed on printed products. Cutting is needed to align the edges of products, cut products, for example, flyers, business cards. The paper is cut in a stack, this must be taken into account when creating a layout for printing - make flights that protect the image or text.
Cutting allows you to make the product neater. Since the products are processed in a pack, even a slight shift will cause a marriage of circulation. Quality is determined by the evenness of the edges of finished products. The resulting printed products have an original look.
Folding - post-print processing for bending sheets. Without the procedure, it is impossible to get multi-page products, booklets, newspapers. The fold is the fold line of the paper. For work, special equipment is used. In this case, several folding options are used - euro, books, gate. Paper must be up to 170 g/m2.
The thick paper is folded with a creaser. On a special device, the sheets are squeezed along the fold line. A groove appears - big. After that, folding is performed. Thanks to this sequence, high-quality folds without creases are obtained. Creasing is needed to receive paper bags, folders.
Punching and die cutting
If you need to print non-rectangular products, the punching procedure is performed. According to the customer's layout, a cutting mold is created for a special device - a crucible.
Cutting is used to obtain postcards, labels, boxes, folders, where the design has a complex outline. The procedure is also used to decorate products. It is used in receiving boxes, folders-folders.
This post-printing process allows you to assemble the sheets into a single product. To do this, use:
- stitching on wire;
- adhesive seamless bonding;
- Spring Wire-O;
- stitching with threads.
Foil stamping is in demand. With its help, the attractiveness of the finished product improves, so it is used for gift products. Foilit can be metallized, color and holographic. The embossing finishing procedure involves pressing the foil onto the printed product.
A cliché is created for this work. Hot stamping is another popular embossing option. It is used in obtaining a relief image that will be on the surface of the product. If the execution procedure is carried out without foil, embossing is called blind embossing. Hot stamping - post-printing processing for postcards, beautiful covers for books, diplomas.
With this procedure, a special device covers the products with a thin film. Thanks to this, the product will be durable, attractive. Lamination prevents fingerprints. Leaves are tough and durable. This protects the product from dirt.
Lamination is divided into several types:
- glossy - makes the image brighter and richer;
- matte - there will be no glare on the surface;
- textured - the surface is not smooth.
This post-print processing of products allows you to transform the appearance of the product. Two types of procedure are in demand:
- VD varnished. The image is covered with water-dispersion varnish. The procedure is performed when printing. VD-lacquer is used to cover products with large fragments of patterns sealed with a uniform ink.
- UV varnish. A varnish is used that dries under ultraviolet radiation. This finish gives a brightvarnish effect. The procedure is carried out to select fragments of the picture.
Such post-print processing of printed products is also considered to be in demand. The procedure is performed to obtain products with tear-off leaves. Usually it is used for flyers, calendars, tickets, announcements. Perforation is needed for products such as notebooks, brochures.
The procedure is used to receive packaging or POS materials. To do this, a film, design paper or thin cardboard with a printed pattern is glued to a cardboard or plastic base. This type of packaging looks original, besides it is very durable.
Slim-cardboard is used for packaging linen, toys, appliances, light bulbs. Slimovka is the procedure for gluing cardboard to cardboard. The top layer has a printed image and a water-dispersion or UV varnish.
This procedure involves stitching the printed matter onto a thread. This design option for multi-page products is used for a long service life, for example, books.
Hardcover is called folded sheets, binding roof and parts attached to it (endpapers). The binding roof is created on the basis of binding cardboard, top covered with paper, bumvinyl and other materials, leather.
Thus, many types of post-print processing are applied. You can order them individually.wishes. Taking into account all the important parameters, high-quality and beautiful printed products are obtained.