Now it is difficult to imagine a modern company without the position of an HR manager or HR manager. What does such an employee do? A comparison with football comes to mind. Strong players are lured from one football club to another, because it is known that a good player can lead the team to the first positions in the football rating. “Cadres decide everything” - this well-known statement has not lost its relevance in our time. The technique described in the example is called headhunting, which literally translates as “headhunting”. But the search and selection of personnel is not the only task of an HR manager. Find out what else a HR specialist does in the article.
General information about the profession
First, let's get to know this profession better. HR is considered a young speci alty. Its appearance is associated with the country's transition to a market economy in the 90s of the last century. With the planned approach in the economy of the USSR, all resources, including human resources, were planned in advance. State education systemsupplied enterprises with ready-made specialists in the required quantity. In the new economic situation, there was a need for a specialist who would provide the enterprise with human resources and manage them. This is how the profession of an HR manager came to us from the West.
Depending on the number of employees in the company, there can be only one person - a personnel specialist or a whole division - an HR department or department. In the first case, one person will be responsible for all the needs of the company related to personnel. In the second - responsibilities will be distributed among different employees. Some will deal with the search for employees, others with training and adaptation issues, others with the development of motivational programs, etc. Some companies prefer to use the services of outsourcing firms and not maintain an HR Department.
Who can become an HR manager?
A typical HR manager job would include the following requirements:
- Higher education in management.
- Experience in a similar position from 1-2 years.
- Knowledge of labor legislation, basics of economics and business.
- Knowledge of candidate search technology and interview methods.
- Knowledge and ability to use labor market information databases.
- The ability to write tests for compliance with the position.
- The ability to organize personnel workflow.
- Knowledge of the basics of general psychology, sociology and psychology of work.
Among personalqualities of the employer are interested in the following:
- social skills;
- active life position;
- stress resistance;
- the ability to analyze a large amount of information;
- empathy for people;
- creativity and flexibility.
Now let's take a closer look at the main responsibilities of an HR specialist.
Search and recruitment
This is perhaps the main responsibility of an HR specialist, also called recruiting. In large companies where there is a division of responsibilities within the HR department, this function is performed by the recruiting manager. From the name it is clear that such a manager will be engaged in the selection of suitable candidates for a particular position. This feature includes the following tasks:
- Create requirements for the candidate together with the head of the structural unit in which the employee is required.
- Place job ads on recruiting websites, newspapers, TV.
- Conduct pre-interview by phone.
- Invite candidates to the office and conduct interviews.
- Test candidates if necessary.
This is an interesting field of activity that allows you to communicate with a lot of interesting people, to show analytical skills and intuition. If you want to develop in this direction, look for job advertisements for a recruiting manager.
Appraisal and performance measurement of employees
Formaintaining the high quality of the performance of duties and identifying weaknesses, the company's employees undergo mandatory certification. The tasks of the HR manager will include the following:
- To identify the criteria for evaluating the company's employees. This is done jointly with the heads of structural divisions.
- Organize certification testing.
- Control the certification of all employees.
- Provide a report on the results of certification.
Certification is often used as a form of employee motivation. About her is our next item.
This is another important responsibility of the HR manager, where creativity and creativity are especially relevant. The results of surveys of sociologists have shown that the increase in wages is not the only factor that affects the desire of employees to perform their duties in a quality manner. In addition to material incentives, there are also non-material ones, which are in no way inferior to the first in terms of efficiency.
Thus, during the financial crisis, when it was not possible to raise salaries for employees or move up the career ladder, a technique with a linear rotation of employees worked. Its essence was that employees were transferred to other related positions that were on the same rung of the career ladder. However, the salary remained the same. Thanks to the acquisition of new knowledge and skills, self-esteem of employees increased, which had a positive effect on their attitude to work. This exampleshows that the profession of an HR manager is full of non-standard situations where flexibility and creativity are required.
Organization of staff training
Learning is an integral part of the workflow. Refresher courses, trainings and seminars - all these activities are the responsibility of the HR manager. Training is carried out by both employees of the company and attracted specialists. Previously, the HR department employees identify the needs of the company's departments for training, form a plan and strategy for education. After completing the courses, employees are tested to determine the effectiveness of the training.
Finding a delicate balance between the requirements of management and the needs of employees is a task in which the skill of an HR manager is manifested. In the job description, you most likely will not see a clause about promoting the corporate culture of the company among its employees. It seems to the management that once a person has got a job in his company, he fully understands and shares its values and interests. In fact, this is not always the case. A candidate could be attracted by a decent salary, the possibility of career growth, the realization of one's potential. In order for a new employee to be imbued with the goals of the company, he needs to be given a feel for its atmosphere and culture.
There is an instructive story on this subject. Construction workers at one site were asked what they were doing. One answered: “I am laying a brick”, the other said: “I am building a wall”, the third answered: “I am building a temple”. So that every employee“built a temple” in his daily activities, you need to immerse him in the corporate culture of the company. And here the HR manager's fantasy is limited only by the organization's budget for corporate events.
Document flow and office work
This duty includes the following items:
- Managing personal files of employees.
- Reception, transfer, dismissal of employees.
- Filling out work books.
- Execution and signing of orders, directives, regulations, etc.
- Maintaining the time sheet of employees.
All the work of the HR department of the company depends on the need for human resources. The personnel policy prescribes the quantitative and qualitative needs of the organization in personnel. In addition, the HR manager, together with the company's management, determines the strategy for personnel development, prescribes how it will be implemented. The staffing table is drawn up together with the heads of departments.
The supervisory function falls on the shoulders of the HR manager. To ensure that orders, instructions and instructions do not remain executed only on paper, measures are taken to monitor their compliance with all employees of the company.
What you need to know when choosing the profession of an HR manager?
You need to understand that this speci alty is associated with constant communication, including with people who are in a state of conflict. Toto smooth out such situations, the HR manager must be a good psychologist. To understand the motives and needs of people, you need to be an observant and sensitive person. In addition, you will not always have the opportunity to do as your heart tells you, you need to take into account the interests of the company.
As far as education is concerned, in universities you can get training in the speci alty “personnel management”. If you already have an education in the speci alties "psychology", "pedagogy" or "management", then you can count on this position. If your first speci alty is far from these areas, additional education courses in this profession will come to the rescue.
HR manager salary
The level of salaries in the HR field is quite high, as is the need for good specialists. At the beginning of a career, you can count on 25-30 thousand rubles. The average salary is 35-40 thousand rubles. The salary of an HR manager in Moscow starts from 40,000 rubles.