The job of a marine pipe fitter includes complete steel and alloy pipe fabrication, repair and assembly, as well as pipeline inspection and hydraulic testing of valves. The complexity of the work of a specialist depends on the category he received. In addition, the size of the ship, the needs of the place of employment, his professional training and other factors affect the duties of the employee. ETKS provides more detailed information about what a ship pipeliner does, taking into account all the nuances.
To get a job, you need general and vocational education. Employers are looking for craftsmen who have completed a vocational training program for blue-collar jobs. It is also important to have work experience, the employee must be at least 18 years old. If the position involves working at height, then the employee must have additional education and permission. Electrical safety license requiredcertificate of medical examination and he alth status. Work experience depends on the rank of the ship's pipeline operator.
Scope of duties of an employee of the 1st category
An employee must edit and cut the wire needed to create templates. He may be entrusted with cutting pipes using a hacksaw or pipe cutter, if their diameter does not exceed 57 millimeters. He is engaged in cleaning, heating and feeding pipes for bending, making hangers, fixtures, templates. Engaged in the dismantling and installation of household pipes under the supervision of a more qualified specialist.
The duties of the ship's pipeliner include degreasing and conservation of fittings and pipelines. Production, marking and installation of tags, manual cutting of parts and blanks, as well as installation and dismantling of temporary casings. Removing insulation from pipes, drying sand, preparing pipes for stuffing.
Knowledge of 1st category ship pipeliners
In order to perform their duties efficiently, the employee must know the names and where the main ship premises are located, what the pipelines are intended for, how they are attached to the ship. He must be familiar with the basic requirements for plumbing work, know how to operate forges, furnaces and pipe bending machines, the rules for using preservative materials.
Responsibilities for rank 2
The ship's pipe fitter specializes in measuring, bending and manufacturing pipes up to 38 millimeters in diameter. For this heuses templates in one plane and pipe bending machines. Picks up and fills with sand pipes with a diameter of up to 57 millimeters. Conducts hydraulic tests if the pressure does not exceed 1.5 MPa.
Engaged in the manufacture of panels, casings and sheets of metal. An employee is allowed to work with an electric tool, fills valve seals, assembles, dismantles and repairs equipment, makes markings according to templates. In addition, he cuts and calibrates threads, dismantles protective insulation and performs other tasks assigned by management.
Knowledge for 2 digits
Before starting work, the employee must study the location of the premises, the structure of the vessel, where pipelines and service systems are located. It is good to know the information contained in the textbook of a marine pipeline engineer, including how pipes are bent, plumbing, installation and dismantling of structures. To learn what types of connecting systems are, how instrumentation, machine tools work, the purpose of ship equipment and fittings. An employee of this category is required to be able to read complex drawings and diagrams.
Responsibilities for rank 3
What a third-class marine pipe worker does: he makes pipes entirely from steel, the diameter of which does not exceed 76 millimeters. His duties include bending, fitting, marking, trimming, and more. But a worker with this category is not allowed to process durable and corrosion-resistant alloys. He is engagedmaking templates and layouts on site, sanding welds, creating shaped panels and casings based on sketches and drawings.
His responsibilities include fault detection, assembly, installation and hydraulic testing, if they do not exceed 1.5 MPa pressure level. It fills pipes with sand, the diameter of which exceeds 57 millimeters, manually and with the help of special equipment. Monitors the appearance of defects in the system and eliminates them.
Knowledge for rank 3
The ship's pipeline operator must be familiar with the characteristics and operating rules of pipe bending machines. His competence includes the use of equipment that allows heating the material with a current of up to 78 millimeters, he also works with devices that allow threading, presses. It is assumed that he knows the assortment and grades of materials used to make pipes.
What are the piping systems on the ship intended for and how are they arranged, what properties do they have. He must learn the rules for assembling and installing pipes. Be able to use all the equipment and know how to dismantle, install, repair and test the systems entrusted to him.
Responsibilities for 4 digits
The job of a fourth-class marine pipeline operator assumes that the specialist will make pipes from various kinds of steel and alloys, the diameter of which varies from 76 to 150 millimeters. It creates pipelines from strong andcorrosion-resistant alloys, the diameter of which does not exceed 76 millimeters. Carries out flaw detection, repair work, assembly, installation and hydraulic testing of all systems. In this case, the diameter of pipes and fittings should not exceed 258 millimeters. He conducts hydraulic tests taking into account pressure, which ranges from 1.5 to 10 MPa. He may also be assigned to conduct pneumatic tests with a pressure of 1 to 5 MPa.
Tests fittings with pressure from 10 to 30 MPa. The ship's plumber makes markings, dismantles and installs fittings, pipes, bosses, fittings, offshoots and adjusts them according to diagrams and drawings.
He is obliged to read complex drawings and, on their basis, determine the coordinates of the installation of fittings and pipelines, break up the route, taking into account how and where the equipment and other mechanisms are installed. He is engaged in the creation of drawings and markups. Prepares all systems prior to mooring trials, cuts and fits pipe segments, and manufactures them.
Knowledge for 4 digits
This worker is required to know how the pipe bending and high frequency heating machines are designed, what characteristics they have and how to properly use them. How the piping system on a ship works and is operated.
He must understand how processing methods and the working environment affect the properties of the materials from which the pipes are made. The employee must be well versed in the conduct of pneumatic andhydraulic testing, know all the ways of installing equipment and be able to determine the shape of the closing pipes. He must be able to read complex diagrams and drawings, use in practice the universal and special devices necessary in his work.
Duties for grade 5
Functions of a ship pipe fitter include complete pipe fabrication. He is obliged to use all types of alloys and grades of metal. The diameter of the pipes is from 150 to 258 millimeters. If the material for manufacturing is a durable alloy or resistant to corrosion, then the diameter of the pipes should not exceed 150 millimeters. He carries out fault detection, repairs, assembles and assembles fittings and pipelines of all diameters. Performs hydraulic pressure tests from 10 to 30 MPa. He is also responsible for conducting pneumatic tests with a pressure of 5 to 25 MPa.
The exception is special systems and pipelines located on the ship where he is employed. He flushes and pumps pipes, takes samples, blows out main boilers, tests and commissions systems and fittings.
He can be entrusted with the assembly and installation of systems and pipelines located in the "dead zone". Moreover, it does not matter what they are intended for, what diameter and pressure they have. The ship's pipeliner of this category is engaged in marking and cutting holes, determines the coordinates of the installed fittings using especially complex drawings, takes into account where the equipment and various mechanisms are located.
Hemakes templates and layouts, using for this purpose the terrain, drawings, markings. It does this by the method of complex configurations, meaning that it takes into account deflections and different planes. Draws devices in their natural size and assembles complex figured products from pipes, regardless of their size and diameter.
Knowledge for rank 5
The employee must know everything about pipe bending machines, including their design, characteristics and rules of use. He should also become familiar with machines heated by high frequency currents. The ship plumber must be well versed in the working conditions and performance of the systems and piping with which he will be working.
The employee is obliged to study the rules of installation in the engine and boiler rooms of the vessel, to understand the difference and how the sectional, modular, block and aggregate conditions for building ships affect his professional activity.
Know all the rules and the order in which pipelines with high hydraulic and pneumatic pressure are tested. Understand what are the features of processing pipes made of durable alloys and metals that are resistant to corrosion.
The worker must know how the schemes are drawn up at the time of dismantling the pipes, how to properly adjust the expansion joints, what are the marking methods and programs of mooring and sea trials. He must also be able to read particularly complex drawings and diagrams.
Duties of the 6th category
After the training is completed,the ship's pipeliner gets the opportunity to start work in accordance with the rules and regulations of the company. He is entrusted with the most difficult work in the profession, including the manufacture of pipes whose diameter exceeds 258 millimeters. If strong alloys and corrosion-resistant materials are used for creation, then the diameter of the created pipes must exceed 150 millimeters.
He is obliged to fit pipes with a large diameter and several branches, first on the layout, and then on the ship itself. He is entrusted with the manufacture, installation and test work with pipes that have been assembled from complex shapes of any diameter.
He determines the coordinates of the installation, using especially complex drawings, diagrams, layout of the route on the main ship. It also takes into account exactly where the equipment, mechanisms, engine rooms and boiler rooms are located, rooms in which there are devices that require coordination with the project.
He makes templates, layouts based on real data, drawings in different planes, using photo projection method for pipes with main load and complex configuration. He is also responsible for monitoring the thickness of the pipe walls through the operation of an ultrasonic flaw detector.
Knowledge for grade 6
Without fail, the employee must study the instructions for labor protection, the ship's pipeliner can begin to perform his duties only after reading this guidance document. He must also master the chemical and mechanical properties of alloys and steel, know the rules for making pipes for specialimportant pipelines on the ship and understand how to control them.
The employee must know the rules by which systems are accepted and put into operation on the ship. Learn how to preserve, seal and chemically clean critical pipes. Know how to properly stake out the plaza for structures with a large number of deflections and branches in different planes.
His knowledge should include the features of processing strong and corrosion-resistant steels of various diameters and thicknesses. How to properly break and lay systems on a ship, a program of running and mooring tests. Also, the job description of a ship's plumber may include the requirements for knowledge of the rules for receiving commands through ship communications and the main actions to be taken if an emergency alarm sounds.
The rights of this employee include permission to take the necessary actions if he has identified any violations and inconsistencies in order to eliminate them. He has the right to receive any social guarantees taken into account in the Labor Code, to require the management to assist him in the performance of the tasks assigned to him.
Also, the employee may demand from his superiors that they create all the necessary organizational and technical conditions, provide all the necessary equipment, inventory and protective clothing so that the employee can freely perform his duties.
He has the right to get acquainted with the decisions of the management, if they affect his activities, receive and request data anddocumentation, himself or on behalf of a superior person. Also, the employee has the right to report to the management about the identified shortcomings and improve their skills.
An employee is liable if he fails to perform his duties in a timely or qualitative manner, does not comply with the rules and charter of the company, commits a violation of the Labor, Administrative and Criminal Codes in the course of his work.
He may be held liable for disclosure of confidential information and disclosure of trade secrets. He is responsible for the material damage caused due to his own oversight. He can also be held accountable for using his powers for personal purposes or exceeding his competence.
The biggest demand in our country for the profession of a marine pipe fitter is work in the north on a rotational basis. This is a very prestigious position. Of course, you need to know a lot and work hard with physical labor, but such workers are paid a lot.
You need to get an appropriate education, be suitable for work on a ship for he alth reasons and, of course, prove yourself from the best side to the employer. The salaries of such specialists are rather big, but it is also important to consider how difficult their work is. Earnings depend on the place of employment, the category of the employee and the duties assigned to him.
In general, the profession is in great demand and it is unlikely that a good worker will sit at home without work. Many courts need such a specialist on staff. Career growth is possible.