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Architectural houses: description, types and photos
Architectural houses: description, types and photos
Anonim

Arriving in any city, the first thing we pay attention to is the architecture. Amazingly beautiful houses, old and modern buildings, stucco that decorates the facades - all this delights us. Architectural houses leave the most vivid impressions of the city.

Jack London's nephew's house

In remote areas of the northern part of Moscow, there is a small sweet house that belonged to the nephew of the writer Jack London. A magnificent wooden house can be found on Timiryazevskaya Street, it was built in 1874.

The house has two floors and, according to the general style, does not fit into the luxurious private houses of that time. There are no decorations on it, except for carved patterns around the entire perimeter of the roof.

Little is known about him, except that Jack London's brother Robert Williams lived here with his wife and son. After his death, the house passed to his son.

House of Jack London's nephew

Pashkov House

One of the largest and most famous architectural sights of Moscow is the legendary Pashkov House. It is called the second building in Moscow after the Kremlin. Andnot surprising. The building is about 200 years old, and during its long history it was destroyed by fire and rebuilt again, the Rumyantsev Museum was located here. The house was a reading room, a library, a gymnasium.

The architectural appearance of the house resembles a sugar bowl or a box, and all because of the green roof of the rotunda.

The house was built in 1780 by P. E. Pashkov, a descendant of Peter the Great's batman. He bought land near the Kremlin and built the first private mansion in Moscow. But Pashkov's relatives did not really like this house and preferred to live elsewhere. Over the years, the mansion fell into disrepair and was bought by the state.

Now you can still look at the amazing device of the mansion, but only with a tour. The halls of the mansion are occupied by three departments of the State Library. There is also a cultural and exhibition center.

Tarkhova's apartment building

Another incomparable beauty house in Moscow is the tenement house of N. G. Tarkhova. The house was built in 1903 and changed three owners in a few years. At first, the house was owned by the architect himself, then passed to Tarkhova. She, in turn, sold the building to hereditary noblewoman S. Belogolova.

The building has four floors. From the very beginning it was decorated with plaster tiles, it had towers and arches on the roof. Once upon a time there were stained-glass windows made of embossed glass. However, the building was repaired several times, and each time it lost its unique details. Now the building is decorated with lion heads, which were created and placed during the last renovation.

The color of the building was originally grey. Then the monochrome color was replaced by light green. The latest renovation has turned the apartment building from light green to yellow with white accents.

Tarkhova's house has several unofficial names. Reliefs are depicted on the facades of buildings.

Currently, the facades of the building have the status of emergency, but the house is residential.

Pepper House

The list of famous old architectural houses in Moscow also includes Pertsova's profitable house. This amazing building attracts the attention of both guests and residents of the capital. It is located near the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and attracts with its bizarre shapes and fabulous details.

The house was built in 1907 by the railway engineer Pyotr Nikolaevich Pertsov. At first glance it may seem that the building was conceived as a theater. However, the house was built for rent.

Interestingly, before the construction of the house, the owner announced a competition for the best design of an architectural house. A few years later, after reviewing many options, Pertsov chose the project of Sergey Malyutin, an artist. And immediately began construction.

The architectural facade of the house surprised the worldly-wise artists. First of all, the external glazed mosaic, which was made by graduates of the Stroganov School. Corners of the house and railings were also decorated with majolica. On the roof there is a gilded lattice with lions, and on top of it is a gilded rooster.

Pertsov personally supervised the creation of wood jewelry and furniture. Pertsov personally supervised the work and did not disregardnot a single detail. Four months later, the work was completed.

Inside the decoration of the house is also striking in its luxury. Since Pertsov himself planned to live in this house with his family, an apartment was finished for him. Unique elements were made of mahogany, an oriental smoking room was organized. The platbands and tiles were created from precious woods, birch and oak. Colored glass was inserted into the windows.

The Pertsovs lived in their house for about 15 years. Pyotr Nikolayevich was one of the keepers of the values ​​of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, so in 1922 he became one of the "clergy" accused in the case. He was arrested along with other participants in the case and sentenced to five years in prison. However, he and three other prisoners were lucky: they were released a year later. In 1923, Pyotr Pertsov was evicted from his home and never returned there.

According to the surviving memoirs of his daughter Zinaida, it is known that the house was chosen by Trotsky himself, who moved to the Pertsovs' personal four-story apartment. Trotsky gave a lavish reception in honor of the English diplomat, who had long admired the arrangements of the house and its design. Photos of architectural houses in their original form are almost not preserved.

Pepper House

Isakov's profitable house on Prechistenka

Isakov's apartment building takes pride of place among architectural residential buildings in Moscow.

The building was built in 1906. The well-known Petersburg figure Ivan Pavlovich Isakov bought it out and turned it into a tenement house. The mansion is an amazing monument of the Art Nouveau era. Houseis shaped like the letter "H". The uniqueness of this building is that the architect skillfully used the uneven relief of this site. The building is multi-storey, the facade of the architectural house, which overlooks Prechistenka, consists of five floors, and the back of the house - of six.

The game of concave and convex lines gives the house a unique look. On the upper floors there is a thin mesh of stucco. Lattice balconies and delightful window frames give the house a rich look. The owner of the house was not stingy. Each next floor is decorated more beautifully and richer than the previous one.

Mansion of Ivan Mindovsky

Walking around old Moscow will surely lead you to another masterpiece that occupies a special place among the architectural private houses of Moscow. You can find him on Povarskaya Street.

In 1903, under the leadership of the famous Savva Mamontov, the construction of a unique house began. By 1904, two magnificent private mansions had been built and were immediately ready for occupancy.

Mindovsky's mansion

The house has a rather complicated composition. The architect used a combination of different shapes and volumes. Particular attention is drawn to the details of the house. For example, a three-arched window, decorated with stucco figures of angels, who are engaged in various activities in the field of art. There used to be a statue of Aurora, which scattered flowers near the playing children, but has been lost. Restorers promise to restore this statue during restoration work. The top of the window is covered with a visor. The balconies and windows of the ground floor are decorated with floral ornaments.It is interesting that the ornaments on the glasses were made using a special technique - acid etching. Now only a few copies remain. The rest of the glass was broken in the war. It is noteworthy that this style of jewelry cannot be found anywhere else in Moscow.

House of Mindovsky

Pay great attention to the fence. The gates are made of elegant forging in the form of openwork butterfly wings. Lanterns in the form of fireflies were made as lighting devices by special order.

Polovtsev's mansion in St. Petersburg

The northern capital of Russia is also famous for its unique architectural houses.

Special attention should be paid to Alexander Polovtsev's mansion, which is located in the very center of the city, not far from St. Isaac's Cathedral. The house has a rich history. It belonged to the Levashov brothers, Ekaterina Dashkova, Count Shuvalov. Finally, it was bought by Prince Sergei Gagarin.

The prince decides to change the face of the house. Until then, the only way to enter the house was through the garden. Gagarin hires an architect and builds a front wing. This was the beginning of a major restructuring of the estate. The owners did not skimp and invested in quality materials ordered from Italy.

The pearl of the house is the fireplace, which was built from yellow and green marble.

Inside the mansion could only be compared with the royal palaces: unique paintings, gilded stucco that framed paintings painted on the walls and ceilings, doors with gilded stucco and pink marble handles, and that's not counting the numerous carpets,carved Italian furniture and tableware.

After the revolution, the mansion became known as the Architect's House.

House of Grigory Rasputin

One of the most mystical places in St. Petersburg is the house where the notorious Grigory Rasputin lived. He lived in the house on Gorokhovaya Street until his last days.

The house does not stand out among other tenement houses in St. Petersburg. The only distinguishing feature is a small memorial plaque testifying to the stay here of the darkest man in the history of Russia. Now it is an ordinary St. Petersburg communal apartment where ordinary people live. Although even 100 years ago, the best minds of tsarist Russia were languishing here in line for admission.

House of Grigory Rasputin

"Openwork House" on Leningradsky Prospekt

Near the metro station "Dynamo" in Moscow is the first block Stalinist house, popularly referred to as "openwork" due to the bars that close the balconies. Lattices are a floral ornament that hides the house from prying eyes.

The house has an interesting layout. It has the shape of the letter "P", and it has only one entrance. An amazing feature of the house is the spaciousness of its interior layout. There are no rich architectural elements near the house, as the house was conceived for the habitation of ordinary people.

Today, the "Openwork House" has the status of a cultural monument. At various times, famous Russian poets, athletes and politicians lived here. Photos of architectural houses in more detail can beconsider in the history books of the city.

openwork house

Apricot House

In 1865, the merchant A. I. Abrikosov acquired a house in Sverchkov Lane and settled there with his entire large family. The house has an unusual decor. The building itself is built in the shape of a rectangle. It has a roof in the form of a tent over the main entrance with a staircase. The decor of the facades is amazingly beautiful: bunches of columns, cornices with a curb, carved architraves and icon cases. Most rooms have vaulted ceilings inside, and stucco molding has survived to this day.

House of Apricots

Basin Profitable House

In the very heart of St. Petersburg, there is a house that stands out from the general architectural ensemble. This building is the former apartment building of Nikolai Petrovich Basin.

The building was built in 1878 and stands out for its almost fabulous style. Researchers attribute the house to the neo-Russian style, a mixture of the traditions of Russian and Old Russian building styles. The main decoration of the house is a rooster, for which the building was nicknamed the "Rooster House".

Today, artists, writers and politicians live in this amazing house.

Zaha Hadid's only private home

Modern architectural houses are also popular. Especially if their creators are brilliant contemporaries.

In the suburbs there is a one-of-a-kind private architectural house designed by Zaha Hadid. After much persuasion from Capital Group owner Vladislav Doronin, the architect designed a residential building.

When meeting witharchitect Vyacheslav Doronin expressed only one wish: to see only the sky in the morning.

So the project of a private house, similar to a spaceship, appeared. The building was built in 2012, but the exterior and interior work continued for several more years.

House on Mosfilmovskaya street

The skyscraper on Mosfilmovskaya street is one of the ten tallest residential buildings in Moscow. The house was put into operation in 2011 and built according to all classical canons of luxury housing.

Outwardly, the skyscraper practically does not differ from its own kind, but the inner content delights an inexperienced viewer. Several mirrored elevators, marble decoration not only in the hall, but on all floors, mirrors in gilded frames. This is only a small fraction of the description of a luxury residential complex and the architectural design of this type of houses.

Two towers with 47 floors are connected by a seven-story partition.

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