The basis for making managerial decisions is the formation of a creative act of a certain subject, which determines the program of activities of the whole
enterprise team. The implementation of these measures is aimed at effectively resolving emerging problematic issues, taking into account the current legislation, the laws of operation of the managed system itself and the appropriate analysis of information about its state.
The strategic basis for making managerial decisions is to determine measures to achieve the goals of the enterprise for the future. At the same time, administrative decisions are related to constantly emerging issues within the organization. Operational decision making focuses on day-to-day issues.
Theoretical foundationsmanagement decision-making in any plane of the enterprise functioning can be characterized by five positions. The economic sphere is the adoption of any management decision based on real value, the implementation of which is expected to receive a certain profit or loss. The organizational basis for making managerial decisions is associated with the direct participation of personnel in the development of the project with its subsequent implementation. The technological position is to follow a certain algorithm when making and implementing a certain decision. It should also be noted that if this algorithm is violated, there is a possibility of a significant decrease in the efficiency of the overall activity of a business entity. The legal basis for making managerial decisions implies compliance with current legislation. A rational approach to making an appropriate decision is based on its analytical justification.
When considering the various uses of the implementation of activities, it is necessary to take into account the influence of certain factors on obtaining specific results. For example, the psychological foundations for making managerial decisions include taking into account the needs, interests, motives, incentives, attitudes and values of employees involved in the implementation of these activities.
In any case, the choice of a specific approach to the choice of a particular algorithm is due to some factors. The main one is uncertainty, which is accompanied bymost of the tasks in the socio-economic sphere. The presence of a procedure for developing a particular management decision significantly reduces its uncertainty. This concept should be understood as a list of vague and fuzzy situations, the occurrence of which is associated with insufficient information.
There are four levels of uncertainty:
- low, not affecting the general nature of the decision;
- medium, requiring revision of some decision development procedures;
- high, aimed at developing new decision-making procedures;
- super high, beyond the understanding of the manager himself, who must make a certain decision.