The architectural integrated design process must be dynamic and take into account all building technologies and systems, including the urban dimension. Urban planning entities set not only the rhythm of the future design gradation, but also the sequence of its creation. Designing towards sustainability is designing with an integrated approach. This article discusses the topic of the origin of urban art. An integrated approach to the design of buildings is being studied. In particular, it is about integrating sustainable aspects into the architectural design process.
How was the complex construction direction born?
When forms of architecture for integrated design and construction were limited to materials and methods of construction, aesthetic principles were narrowly defined by Vitruvius' successors. In the modern age, many more forms can be created, and the choice or invention of these forms can give a wider range.values.
The choice of traditional forms is of course possible and may or may not follow the principles of many architectural styles that followed Roman classicism. The choice of integrated design shows the intention of the continuity of life and buildings of the chosen period, and a misinterpretation of the principles can be considered a manifestation of bad taste.
Stylistic innovations in building forms
Modern architecture has proposed breaking with stylistic traditions and inventing what is new, some derived from precedent movements such as the Bauhaus, others from the work of influential architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe. Others have found opportunities in vernacular architecture, complex building codes, construction methods, or abstract new forms.
The choice of specific forms conveys meaning to us, no matter what choice is made.
- A glass building can, for example, mean transparency and honesty, while an opaque building means privacy and concealment.
- Tall buildings have always been an expression of power; colorful buildings can signify frivolity and whimsy.
- Building activities can be shown or hidden, as well as the means by which a building works, such as structure and mechanical systems.
New developments in architectural tools, including sustainable integrated design, the emergence of building science and informationBuilding Modeling (BIM) is all leading to a new understanding of design and construction processes, and aesthetics are often redefined. Since necessity is the source of invention, scarcity can also inspire. Due to the scarcity of quality and large framing lumber, coupled with rising steel and concrete costs, new technologies have been developed to produce laminated lumber.
As you know, the glued laminated lumber (CLT) framing system has increased its popularity and acceptance as an alternative to traditional building methods. The effect on aesthetics can be seen in the large spaces and planes of the wood layers, which convey strength and delight. This diversity can be seen in four construction projects (pictured below).
Modern ocean lab design. The construction of the facility took place at the beginning of the 20th century.
The end of the 20th century - the construction of a base on a complex mediocre approach. The building can withstand seismic activity up to 10 on the Richter scale.
Typical building - a representative of the neo-colonial design style. Made in integrated development technology.
An old building built in the era of classicism. It took almost 20 years to build it, which indicates the impossibility of a consistentdesign from start to finish.
Variety of directions in a set of approaches to creating projects
Modern culture advocates a variety of styles even in cases of historical preservation. It also encourages the development of new architectural languages. In response to this openness, designers agree that aesthetically successful architecture comes from integrated design. By properly articulating the design goal, seeking inspiration from program requirements, and participating in system-wide design reviews, the architect most effectively arrives at a solution that is as exciting as it is cost-effective, safe, sustainable, affordable.
In much of modern architecture, the notion of expressive exteriors is softened by new materials such as:
- high-performance glass that conveys literal openness in the era of digital communication via the Internet;
- alternative roofing technologies that can extend living spaces to the top of buildings;
- proof of green spaces that can hold stormwater and offer new amenities.
Returning to Vitruvius, we can conclude that his three architectural standards complement each other. Good architecture produces useful, humane, and economical results, and a building expresses these qualities regardless of style.
A fully integrated building promises to be durable, something Vitruvius didn't expect: it will inspire the community to find ways to use it, evenif the original program is no longer relevant.
Introduction of new complexes to expand the consciousness of architectural orientation
With integration in mind, the architect makes aesthetic decisions in full cooperation with the client, building users, other consultants and the public. Therefore, it is important that the client and users of the building are well aware of the possibilities of architecture and the construction phases of a building in integrated systems design. They can help the design team create a building that fits most needs.
New building construction techniques
One of the ways to get acquainted with the possibilities of the architectural commission is to study a number of buildings of the same type. In addition, this branch of the WBDG will help those unfamiliar with architectural design terminology understand the basic processes, methods, and language by which architectural concepts become reality:
- Understanding language and design elements. Architects use specific terminology to describe the fundamental elements of a building and evaluate the quality of its design. The client's fluency in this vocabulary enhances the architect's use of the elements he represents.
- Implementing an Integrated Design Process - The Integrated Design Process integrates the many disciplines that make up a building.
- The sequence of steps can provide an orderly flow for this dialogue, and a complete andthe constructive participation of all members of the development and delivery team will ensure the best results.
Design awards programs from professional societies, the federal government and industry trade associations provide further insight into aesthetic values at this moment in history.
Design and engineering approaches
The function of a building is responsible for the form of its plan, while its architectural style expresses the spirit and culture to which the building belongs. With regard to the structural system and building materials, they represent the building technology used and the degree of benefit from what is new in the field of science:
- The design approach is the principles on which the process of designing, constructing and operating a building will depend. This inevitably indicates how far the building interacts with the emerging issues around it in all their environmental, economic, social and scientific aspects.
- The approach to design can therefore be seen as a moral obligation, a collective feeling and an inalienable responsibility of the architect towards the fundamental problems of the society in which he lives.
- An architect's interest in approaching design in Egypt is a promising vehicle for creating vibrant social architecture that interacts with global issues and plays a role in promoting architecture in the country without violating the needs of Egyptian cultural identity.
Educational approach inconstruction of buildings
Three main factors have influenced the development of educational approaches in the 21st century:
- the information and communication technology (ICT) revolution;
Architectural product in the 20th century suffered from many problems that led it to deviate from complex architecture.
Problems in transitioning from one design style to another
Chief among these problems are the lack of identity, the loss of perspective, the lack of understanding of architecture-related issues by many architects, and the ignorance of what's new in modern technologies related to the field. The result has been the production of architecture that does not respond to either the environment or the modern.
All these problems have arisen from a multitude of shortcomings, both professionally and legally.
Architecture education: impact on the development of the construction industry
However, such problems undoubtedly arose due to the weakness of university architectural education. The process of integrated building design and preparatory work is clearly manifested in the carelessness of studying approaches to design, especially environmental ones, which should be done. On the one hand, much attention was paid to the study of functional aspects in the theories of architectural courses, practicing them in design projects, research.
According to the lawssome architectural departments, the center of integrated design, departments do not have independent courses for studying such approaches, while in some other faculties they are studied by choice.
Why is it impossible to schedule one approach?
Many of the approaches to integrated design in Moscow are similar in their principles and goals, as a result of which some specialist architects, as well as students of architectural faculties, may experience confusion. Lack of time is devoted to the study of all approaches to design due to its different principles and goals and the relationship with other scientific areas.
Interest in one integrated engineering design approach at the expense of others can lead to a focus on specific issues, ignoring others or less interest in their studies, depriving them of their fair share of both theoretical and hands-on learning in later in the course of architectural design.
Profession or training?
Influenced by the lack of integration between the curricula of many integrated building design departments, whether horizontally at the same level between theoretical courses and the design studio, or vertically at the level of various sciences with their successive levels. Students study narrow directions in separate structures of engineering.
Even if such approaches are studied, they are made separately in theoretical courses, and not applied in student architectural projects. This may explain the disintegration between the architectural product in Moscow andproblems that these approaches address from an environmental, economic and social perspective.