The word “diet” is translated from Greek as “he althy lifestyle”. The Roman physician Asclepiades is considered the founder of a he althy diet and nutritionist. He is the ancestor of the concept of proper food intake. The scientist proved the fact that proper food intake has a huge impact on the process of treating many diseases. The practice of medicine has actually shown that a patient who follows the recommendations of a nutritionist recovers much faster than one who does not listen to a specialist. It is such a doctor who can advise which products should or should not be consumed in a particular case.
The prospect of becoming a nutritionist
Today, when many people are concerned about the problem of overweight, the profession of a nutritionist is in great demand in medicine. Those who wish to master this speci alty, in order to help others, can study at courses in dietetics and at universities. According to statistics, every third personthe planet is overweight. Therefore, doctors in this area are currently in great demand in the labor market.
For young professionals starting a career, it is important not only to have knowledge in the field of medical nutrition, but also to be a psychologist. Future specialists should have the ability not only to listen, but also to understand the patient.
Dietitian. The main difficulties of the profession
It's no secret that being overweight gives the patient not only discomfort in the aesthetic direction, but also causes poor he alth, as well as the beginning of many diseases. In the profession of a nutritionist, there are pros and cons, as in any other speci alty. Specialists assist patients in realizing he alth problems and optimizing the diet in order to adjust body weight. Their task is to improve the he alth of patients, choosing the right diet for each of them. The main disadvantage is that people are not always satisfied with the result of treatment. Not always positively perceived recommendations of a nutritionist. The second disadvantage of the profession is not a serious attitude of the patient to his treatment. Often people stop treatment before the prescribed time and this harms their he alth.
What does a modern nutritionist need to know and be able to do?
Future specialists should be able to listen and understand the patient. The duty of a nutritionist is to consult, treat and monitor the patient's condition. This profession is related to medicine and he alth. For successful work and achievement of positiveresult, the doctor must have the knowledge and skills of a general practitioner and a specialist gastroenterologist.
It is also necessary to know the laws of metabolism in the human body, understanding the features of the digestive system of the body. Possession of the methodology for compiling diets and diagnostic methods are the main tools in the work of a nutritionist. It is also necessary to be able to use special diagnostic equipment
Profession nutritionist: where to study to get such a speci alty?
In order to get an education in this speci alty, you need to get a higher medical education. Upon graduation, you can receive special training in the speci alty of nutrition. To enter a medical school, you must have a USE certificate.
So, what to take for the profession of a nutritionist? Knowledge of Russian language and literature, biology, chemistry or history is required.
It is desirable to study in the speci alty "therapy" or "gastroenterology". After graduation, special training in the speci alty "dietology" is required. For beginners, applicants are provided with a list of special undergraduate (specialist / master) programs. This is a list of various options for higher education in medical schools. After graduating from such institutions, you can become a nutritionist.
Where to start a career?
Starting a career as a dietitian is necessary with education, choosing one of the higher medical institutions. There are not a small number of them in the country:
- FirstSechenov Medical University.
- Pirogov Research Medical University.
- Pavlov State Medical University (St. Petersburg).
- State Medical University (in Krasnoyarsk).
- Pavlov State Medical University (Ryazan), etc.
Teaching in the direction of "dietology" lasts 2 years. In the process of training, special disciplines are studied:
- "Social hygiene";
- "Organization of special medical nutrition";
- “Fundamentals of nutrition for a he althy and sick person”;
- "Diet therapy for diseases of internal organs";
- Fundamentals of Cooking Technology.
After all these disciplines are studied, students will learn all the necessary information about the profession of a nutritionist and what subjects to take to receive a diploma (certificate).
Course in the direction of "Dietetics"
In addition, there are various courses provided by higher educational institutions, after which you can get the profession of "Dietitian". Today, the Academy of Science and Technology has the ability to provide this type of course to medical professionals and gives them the unique opportunity to take continuing education courses remotely.
Professional retraining courses in Dietetics are also offered. These types of training courses arespecial expertise in the Ministry of He alth. At the end of the course, specialists receive state documents: a certificate of a specialist, a diploma of retraining or a certificate of advanced training of a specialist. Having connected his life with scientific activity in the field of medicine in the future, the resident must enter the graduate school. Upon completion of such training, they receive the title of candidate or doctor of medical sciences.
Basic working methods of the patient and nutritionist
If we turn to general statistics, we can say that today about 40% of the world's population suffer from obesity. People who have extra pounds are the first visitors to a nutritionist. Imbalance in the body, due to metabolic disorders, is one of the main causes of reduced vital activity and deterioration of the general condition of a person. That is why a dietitian is a profession in great demand in the labor market.
When visiting a nutritionist, a general examination of the patient is carried out: measurement of height, weight and analysis of his general condition. Information about all the diseases that the patient has recently suffered is taken into account. A direct relationship between the disease and the possibility of recovery with the help of diet is determined. Using special equipment, the ratio of water, muscle and fat mass in the human body is checked. At the same time, information about the patient's nutrition, his physical activity (work), general regimen and diet is very important. If there are violations of the general condition, appointnecessary treatment.
Programs for individual treatment. Patient's diet
The first and very important element in a person's recovery is proper and balanced food intake. Exclusion from the diet of harmful foods, the use of which contributes to the development of certain diseases, increased blood pressure, decreased vision and deterioration of the general condition of the patient.
Dishes that contribute to weight gain are excluded from the diet: high-calorie foods, foods rich in cholesterol and substances harmful to the body. Particular attention is paid to the use of fruits, vegetables, berries and foods rich in vitamins. The first place is given to the use of food products that help cleanse the body of cholesterol, toxins and other harmful substances.
The mode of their use is being developed. Focusing on the main cause of the patient's anxiety, a special program of diet and lifestyle of the patient is drawn up. The program is compiled individually for each patient. According to this regimen, a nutritionist can monitor the general condition of a person throughout the course of treatment, making certain amendments to achieve the desired result. Properly compiled menu individually for each patient is the key to solving problems with his he alth. In addition to solving problems with excess weight, a dietitian helps to cope with other diseases associated with metabolic disorders: anorexia, bulimia, etc. Sports nutritionistsare engaged in compiling diets for athletes and people whose regimen includes increased physical activity.
The work of a dietitian together with other specialists
Very often, a dietitian determines the relationship between nutrition and a patient's he alth status. Turning to any other specialist (dermatologist, allergist, gastroenterologist) and wanting to find the cause of anxiety, the patient finds the answer and receives the conclusion he needs from a dietitian. It turns out that there is a direct relationship between diseases of the skin, liver and other organs with the diet. Therefore, the patient is treated not only by a leading specialist, but also by a dietitian.
The speci alty "nutritionist" is very multifaceted. This kind of specialist can work not only in clinics, but also in multidisciplinary hospitals, dispensaries, various types of sanatoriums and dispensaries specializing in weight loss. The work of a nutritionist in sports clubs and organizations is of great importance. In the future, a professional nutritionist can devote himself to scientific research. An example of this is participation in the Research Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. Those who have achieved success and authority in their field of work organize their own diet clinics.
If we look at the statistics, we can attribute the speci alty of a dietitian to the highest paid among others. To date, about 300 vacancies for a nutritionist have been opened in the country. Among them, in the labor market, 39% of employers offer salaries to nutritionists in the amount of 3,000 to 22,500 thousand rubles.rub. Specialists in the amount of 32% are offered wages in the amount of 23,000 to 42,000 rubles. And the salary of a nutritionist in the amount of 62-82 thousand rubles. promise 20% to specialists. It's no secret that the higher wages of a dietitian in Moscow. In second place "in terms of cost" is St. Petersburg. According to statistics, the average salary of the nutritionist profession is 59,000 rubles. (Moscow region). Tomsk and Kaluga regions are in second place.