Design documentation is engineering and functional-technological, architectural, constructive solutions to ensure the reconstruction or construction of capital facilities. They are provided in the form of materials containing texts, calculations, drawings and diagrams. Let's take a closer look at what the project documentation consists of.
The procedure in accordance with which materials are prepared is fixed by the Resolution on the composition of sections of project documentation No. 87 of 2008. The list of capital facilities is given in the Appendix to it. They are divided according to their functional purpose and characteristic features. The following types of objects are indicated in the Appendix:
- Industrial buildings, buildings, structures, including those used for security and defense. The exception to this group are linear objects.
- Non-production structures, buildings, buildings of housing stock, municipal, socialcultural significance.
- Linear objects. These include railways/roads, pipelines, power lines, and so on.
Who prepares project documentation?
The development of materials on capital facilities related to their safety can be carried out exclusively by legal entities and individual entrepreneurs who have received permission and certificates of admission to this activity. The necessary papers are issued by the SRO (self-regulatory organization). Other types of work related to the preparation of project documentation for construction are carried out by any legal entities or citizens.
The text block contains information about the capital object, a description of the technical and other decisions made in relation to it, calculations that substantiate them. The text part also contains links to the regulations that were used in the development of project documentation. The graphical part of the project documentation of the house is presented in the form of diagrams and drawings, plans, schedules, etc. The rules for the design of these blocks are established by the Ministry of Regional Development.
They are developed and approved if safety and reliability requirements are not enough for the preparation of documentation for a capital facility or they are not established. The procedure for determining special technical conditions is adopted by the Ministry of Regional Development in agreement with the executive federal structures that implement functions in the field of legal regulation.
The need to determine the requirements for the content of design documentation blocks, the presence of which is mandatory, is assessed by agreement between the customer and the development organization. Parts 9, 11, 5, 6 are formed completely for capital facilities that are on budget financing (including partial). In other cases, the need to develop these sections, its scope are determined by the customer. Relevant information must be specified in the terms of reference.
Preparation of materials for individual stages of work
The need to develop such documentation is determined by the customer and indicated in the terms of reference. The possibility of preparing materials for individual stages of work is justified by calculations confirming the possibility of implementing the decisions made in practice. Development is carried out in the amount required to complete the corresponding stage. Materials must meet the requirements for the content and composition of the sections.
Features of terminology
The construction stage is the construction of one of the capital facilities, the construction of which is supposed to be carried out on a separate site, if it is possible to put such a building into operation autonomously. At the same time, its independent functioning in the future should be envisaged. The construction stage is also called the erection of a part of a capital object, which can also be put into operation autonomously.
Features of the legal regulation of training,verification and approval of project documentation are disclosed in the Town Planning Code. Particular attention in the study of the issue should be given to Art. 49. The norm regulates the examination of project documentation. This procedure is mandatory, except for the cases listed in parts 2, 3, 3.1 of Article 49 of the Code. Examination of project documentation can be state or non-state. The developer/customer can choose the organization that will perform the verification. However, if, in accordance with the GK, the state examination of project documentation is mandatory, then these entities can only apply to state institutions.
For individual capital facilities, the examination of documentation is not provided for by law. For such structures, certain requirements are established. The objects in respect of which the examination is not carried out include:
- Residential buildings, standing separately and having a height of no more than 3 floors, intended for 1 family. If permission for the construction of buildings was issued before 01/01/2016, state supervision is not carried out in relation to them.
- Residential buildings, the height of which is not more than three floors, consisting of blocks in the amount of not more than 10. Moreover, each of them must be intended for the residence of 1 family, have a common wall with another without openings, be located on a separate site and have access to the common area. Expertise is not carried out for such objects if they are not built at the expense of budgetary funds.
- Apartment buildings, the number of floors in which is not more than three, if they were not built on budgetary funds. At the same time, they must consist of block sections (one or several), the number of which is not more than four. Each of them provides for several apartments and common premises, a separate entrance with access to the local area.
- Separately located capital facilities with a height of no more than 2 floors, with a total area of up to 1.5 thousand square meters. m, not intended for production activities and human habitation. An exception is provided for structures that, according to Art. 48.1 GrK, especially dangerous, unique and technically complex.
- Separately located capital facilities, the height of which does not exceed two floors, with a total area of up to 1.5 thousand square meters. m used for production purposes, for which the organization of sanitary protection zones is not required or they have already been installed. An exception is provided for structures classified under Art. 48.1 GrK, to technically complex, especially dangerous or unique.
- Prepared, agreed, approved boreholes installed in accordance with the technical design for the development of mineral deposits or other documentation for the implementation of activities related to the use of subsoil.
Legislation allows making changes to project documentation after receiving a positive opinion. Confirmation thatthe adjustments do not relate to the design and other safety characteristics of the capital object, the act of the authority or the competent organization that carried out the verification acts. When changing the documentation for the construction, overhaul, reconstruction of facilities, the financing of which is expected at the expense of budgetary funds or is provided by legal entities listed in the second part of Art. 48.2 GrK, the conclusion also certifies that the modification does not lead to an increase in the estimate. Preparation of this act is carried out within 30 days.
If changes in the documentation relate to the structural or other safety characteristics of the structure or entail an increase in the construction / reconstruction estimates, the organization or executive body that performed the inspection refuses to issue an opinion. In such a situation, the corrected materials must be examined according to the rules established by the Government in accordance with the GK.
Legal entities listed in Part 4.3 of Article 49 of the Civil Code cannot perform a non-state examination of documentation if they themselves prepared it. Failure to comply with this requirement will result in cancellation of the accreditation. The preparation of expert opinions can be carried out by individuals certified in accordance with Art. 49.1, in the "expert" direction specified in the qualification document. At the same time, these citizens cannot participate in the inspection if they have an interest in its results or they or theirrelatives participated in the development. Close relatives, in particular, include parents, adoptive parents, children, siblings, grandparents, spouse, adopted children.