Cucumbers are one of the most popular vegetables that are not only eaten fresh, but also canned. Plants are easy to grow, they do not require special care, the main thing is to choose the right productive variety that is suitable for a particular region. One of the best is the "monastic" cucumber, which gives stable yields in any region of the country. The variety attracts with its high palatability, good keeping quality.
Monastic cucumbers are mid-season bee-pollinated varieties recommended for growing in open ground and in greenhouses.
Mixed flowering plant, medium sized fruits. The ovaries are located on the 2-4 node, not allowing the greens to outgrow. They have a cylindrical shape, the color is dark green with light stripes. The length of cucumbers ranges from six to ten centimeters, weight - about 100gram. When s alted, they remain crispy.
According to the description, the “monastic” cucumber can be grown both by direct sowing in the ground and by seedlings. Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out one month before the date of the planned planting of seedlings in the ground. Seeds are recommended to germinate, which will accelerate the emergence of seedlings.
Direct sowing is carried out only when the soil warms up. Approximate sowing time is the end of May. However, in the more southern regions of the country, sowing may be done earlier.
Direct seeding method
With the seedless method of growing "monastic" cucumber, seeds are sown only when the soil warms up at least 15 degrees. At lower temperatures, the seeds die. The seeding depth is about 2 cm, the sowing density is up to 7 plants per square meter. Ideally, it is recommended to sow the seeds more often, and after they germinate, thin them out.
When sowing "monastic" cucumbers, it should be borne in mind that the variety is bee-pollinated. Because of this feature, it is recommended to sow together with other varieties, which increases the yield.
Features of soil preparation
The soil for cucumbers should be loose, fertile and retain moisture well. When growing cucumbers of the "monastic" variety, it is recommended to apply organic fertilizers directly to the planting pit. This is due to the peculiarity of the root system of culture.
Before sowing or planting seedlings, you should dig a trench at least 40 cm deep. To its bottomorganic matter decomposes and mixes with the lower layers of the soil. Already clean soil without impurities is poured from above. In the process of decay, organic matter will release heat and heat the plants from below. This accelerates the growth and development of bushes, and then will serve as an excellent top dressing.
Choosing a place for a plant
The place for growing cucumbers must be chosen sunny, without drafts. When planting seedlings, corn or other high plantings can be used as a living barrier. Such plants are sown in two lines along the beds, leaving the south side open.
The most optimal temperature for growing cucumbers is 25-30 degrees. At the same time, at night the air temperature should not fall below 15 degrees. Otherwise, this can lead to inhibition and complete cessation of plant growth at any stage of its development. Frosts are detrimental to culture. They not only prevent their growth, but can completely destroy them. Due to the fact that late frosts often occur in the central part of the country and its northern regions, the crop is grown under film shelters, in greenhouses.
Features of care
According to reviews, the "monastic" cucumber needs pinching. This procedure involves the removal of all side shoots and ovaries growing up to the fourth leaf of a young bush. Pinching helps develop a he althy, strong root system.
The plant branches well. If necessaryyou can pinch the top. As a result of this procedure, independent branching begins to develop, and only male-type flowers appear on the main stem.
Some growers pinch side shoots after the second set. However, not all summer residents agree with this opinion.
Distinguishing a male flower from a female one is easy. In the latter, a small cucumber is initially laid, which is visible. Male flowers do not have such formations.
At the stage of active growth, it is important to maintain the level of humidity. Even with a short-term drying of the soil, bitterness appears in the plant. It is impossible to remove it even with abundant watering. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to water the cucumbers with warm, settled water every day, and in dry, hot weather - twice a day.
Mulching helps keep the soil moist. Any organic material is suitable for this, even grass from the garden. Mulch helps protect the soil in the garden from drying out, prevents the growth of weeds, which will save time on caring for the bushes and reduce the frequency of watering.
With frequent watering, the soil is compacted. In order for air to pass through it to the roots, it is necessary to carry out loosening. Punctures are made to a depth of at least 10 centimeters.
To get the same as in the photo, the "monastic" cucumber, it is necessary to apply fertilizers in a timely manner. Proper feeding not only increases the yield, but also prolongs fruiting.
During applicationfertilizers, it is important to ensure that the working solutions do not get on the leaves, stems of the plant. Don't apply nutrients in cold weather as it slows plant growth and prevents the root system from absorbing the nutrients.
Lack of nutrients leads to disruption of plant growth and causes deformation of the fruit. To avoid this, it is recommended to fertilize once a season with a complex mineral fertilizer containing nitrogen, magnesium and potassium. You can also periodically use onion infusion for irrigation (pour two handfuls of husks with five liters of water and leave for three days), fermented milk products (dilute a liter of whey in five liters of water), chicken droppings (two hundred grams of droppings are diluted in a bucket of water). Organic fertilizers attract insect pests. Therefore, they should be excluded if the site is infested with spider mites, whiteflies.
Diseases, plant pests
According to the description of the variety, "monastic" cucumbers have excellent resistance to common diseases. But even this does not guarantee that the culture will not be affected by fungi and viruses. To avoid this, it is recommended to carry out disease prevention at least once during the entire growing season. To do this, use any preparations available in the garden store.
Timely watering, harvesting, fertilizing, pinching will help you get a good harvest of greens with excellent taste.