What is the first thing you pay attention to when choosing a variety of tomatoes for your site? For some gardeners, the early ripening of fruits is important, someone is ready to wait to get the most delicious fruits. For some, the appearance of tomatoes is also important. Among the best varieties of medium-late varieties, gardeners note Rome tomato. Photos, reviews, characteristics of the variety, a description of its fruits are waiting for you in this material!
This variety belongs to the category of determinants. Depending on the climatic conditions of the growing region, it can be medium-late or late. The bushes of the plant are tall and powerful. Their average size is about 160-180 centimeters, in greenhouse conditions the plant can reach a height of two meters!
From the moment the first shoots appear to the harvest, at least 75 days pass. At the same time, it should be noted that in the middle latitudes and northern regions, which are characterized bycool summer, this period can increase up to 90 days.
Tomato Rim: fruit characteristics
The variety is characterized by excellent yield, a large number of fruits. The average weight of one tomato is about 600 grams. Experienced gardeners say: when controlling the ovaries and observing all the features of care, including fertilizing, they managed to grow tomatoes weighing 1.5 kilograms! The shape of Rome tomatoes is rounded, slightly flattened. The size is quite large, there is ribbing. Upon reaching the fruit of technical maturity, the color of the tomatoes becomes saturated red. Tomatoes are distinguished by excellent taste, fleshiness and sweet taste. In reviews of the Rome variety tomato, summer residents say: it is best suited for making salads and tomato juice.
Numerous reviews of gardeners made it possible to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the tomato. The positive qualities include high yield, large-fruited, resistance to diseases and pests. In addition, Rome is unpretentious in care, and its only drawback can only be called a late ripening of the crop. When grown outdoors, you will not taste the first ripe fruits until August.
Features of sowing seeds
In order to get the maximum yield from each bush, gardeners recommend treating seeds and soil before planting. It is best to sow seeds in the last decade of February or the first decade of March. Until the moment you transfer the seedlingsfor a permanent position, at least 60 days must elapse. For disinfection of seeds, a weak solution of potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide is suitable. The soil also requires disinfection: it must be calcined in the oven at a temperature of no more than 100 degrees, spilled with a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. You can plant seeds either in individual peat pots or in boxes in which holes have been made in advance.
Gardeners recommend deepening planting material by no more than a centimeter. After that, the seeds should be sprinkled with soil, and then covered with glass or film - until the first shoots appear. When the plant has two true leaves, a pick should be carried out. This procedure is not needed if Rome tomatoes are planned to be planted in individual containers.
Experts recommend applying fertilizer twice at the seedling stage. The first top dressing should be done 5-10 days after the picking procedure, and one to a week and a half before transferring to a permanent place, one more top dressing will be required.
Transplantation to a permanent place
Tomatoes of this variety can be grown both in a greenhouse and in open ground. If you plan to plant plants in a closed heated greenhouse, you can plant it already from mid-April. Seedlings should be planted in open ground after the last frost, the optimal time is the second half of May.
Preparing holes for seedlings. The best scheme is 50 by 60 centimeters. Experienced gardeners do not recommendplace more than two or three plants per square meter. Before planting, a small amount of mineral and organic fertilizer should be applied to each hole, and then thoroughly moistened. Only after that, the tomato can be planted in a permanent place. Immediately after this procedure, it is necessary to water the ground again under the bush, mulch it.
Tomato Rome: a description of the features of care
In order to avoid the most common diseases characteristic of the nightshade family, to get the highest and highest quality yield, a number of rules must be followed:
- Tomato Rome needs pinching. In this case, the bushes should be formed in two, and preferably three stems.
- Garter. Tomatoes of this variety are classified as tall, with fertilizer and proper care, the height of one plant can reach two meters. That is why, as the bushes grow, it is necessary to fix the main stem and the brush with fruits.
- Water. Tomatoes of almost all varieties need abundant moisture. Use only warm water for this. Plants should be watered under the root, trying not to get on the ovaries and leaves.
- Removing weeds and loosening. These procedures are necessary in order to avoid insect attacks and the development of diseases.
- Fertilization. Rome tomato responds well to organic fertilizers. Top dressing should be done several times a season. The first is required 14 days after transplanting the bushes to a permanent place. Thereafterplants should be fed at the stage of flowering, fruit formation.
- The right choice of location. Since the tomato belongs to the category of late ripening, when placed in shaded areas, the harvest will be as late as possible. That is why the greenhouse should have artificial lighting. If you plan to plant seedlings in open ground, you should choose a well-lit place.
Reviews of gardeners
In their reviews, summer residents note: tomatoes grow very large, ribbed. When broken, tomatoes are divided into segments. The pulp is dense, dryish, a bit like the pulp of a watermelon. Vegetables are suitable for preparing winter preservation, sauces, juices and for fresh consumption.