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How to grow parsley: seed selection, preparation for sowing and care features
How to grow parsley: seed selection, preparation for sowing and care features
Anonim

Greens are essential crops, without which it is impossible to do. On the eve of spring, it's time to think about how to grow parsley. It would seem that such an unpretentious plant, but requires the implementation of the rules of agricultural technology. However, from the practice of gardeners, it became clear that the result of cultivating this crop directly depends on a competent approach. It all comes down to what you expect to get - fluffy living bushes or scant sprigs of greenery? This material contains all the secrets and subtleties of how to grow parsley in the country and at home on the windowsill.

What kinds are there?

Biennial culture, belonging to the umbrella family, has an erect stem and glossy dark green leaves. The plates are pinnately dissected, the density of the above-ground mass varies depending on the plant variety. There are the following types of parsley:

  • root;
  • leaf;
  • curly.

How to grow parsley so that a small seed fully reveals its potential, not every gardener knows. You can, of course, just sow the seeds and let the culture multiply on its own. However, if you are among the farmers who value their work and want to get the maximum yield, then this article is for you. Below we will also talk about how to grow parsley at home. First, let's get acquainted with the characteristics of each individual variety of culture. This will help to indicate the goal pursued, that is, what you expect to receive from the plant.

Grow parsley on a windowsill from seeds

Root crop

The root is the main part of this type of parsley. In its shape, it resembles a carrot with a slightly tapered elongated end. Experienced gardeners grow this variety exclusively for fragrant roots. It is useless to expect an abundant mass of greenery from him. It is undesirable to even cut it, since the intensive growth of the bush will affect the size and quality of the underground part. The only period when you can take advantage of young fresh twigs is early spring.

How to grow root parsley?

How to grow root parsley? Since this part of the plant winters well in the soil, it is best to sow it in late autumn. The following year, the culture will release flower stalks and begin to multiply by self-seeding. It is better to use areas where cucumbers, cabbage or zucchini previously grew. The soil must be well permeable, withoutadding fresh manure.

An important condition is regular watering. If the culture is not provided with this requirement, it will begin to look for ways to moisten itself, releasing additional shoots, which is highly undesirable. This negatively affects the quality of the product. Especially the plant needs watering in August, during the period of pouring the root crop.

Leaf parsley

This variety has a more curved root system and is not as juicy as the species described above. Therefore, it is designed to provide the gardener with lush greenery. The plant has a short growing season. Summer residents often stop their choice on the variety. It is suitable for winter harvesting, freezing. It is most often sown in pots. Next, we will describe in more detail how to grow parsley at home. Now let's pay attention to another type of leaf culture.

Curly

Plant with beautiful wavy leaves and more delicate taste. It is often used for holiday salads due to its aesthetic appearance. The leaves keep their shape for a long time and do not lose it even in hot dishes. Parsley is sown on a spicy bed, in a pot on a windowsill, planted in the form of a border. Compact bushes look very original and complement the plant compositions in the room. Curly parsley is easy to grow from seed on a windowsill. The main thing is to properly prepare the seed material.

How to grow parsley?

Which seeds to prefer

In early spring, vitamin dishes with the addition ofgreenery. Nothing else attracts you like fragrant salads. Therefore, it is better to choose early varieties of parsley and dill in order to provide your family with fresh herbs in a timely manner. Although late-ripening varieties grow only a week later, this plays a significant role in the spring period. If you have a large plot, then you can plant greens with different growing seasons. Here are the most popular parsley varieties in the leaf group:

  1. "Green Pearl".
  2. "Bordovician".
  3. "Breeze".
  4. "Curly Sue".
  5. "Carnival".
  6. "Astra".
  7. "Vorozheya".
  8. "Bogatyr".
  9. "Khachanka".

All of the above species are also suitable for growing indoors. The most common root variety among vegetable growers is sugar parsley. This is a crop with an early ripening period, grown for fresh use, drying, adding to conservation. It has a conical root crop weighing 40-50 grams, about 25 cm long. It is distinguished by excellent qualities and a gray-white color of the pulp.

From medium root varieties for open ground, you can pay attention to the following varieties: "Final", "Harvest". Other best root parsley varieties:

  1. "Healer".
  2. "Good morning".
  3. "Spicy".
  4. "Eagle".
  5. "Konika".

If you need to grow on a windowsilldill, it is better to give preference to later cultures, since the early ones quickly release flower stalks. For indoor cultivation, the varieties "Richelieu" and "Grenadier" are recommended. You can also choose green grass from the following varieties:

  1. "Buyan".
  2. "Amazon".
  3. "Alligator".
  4. "Salute".
  5. "Kibray".
  6. "Dill".
How to grow parsley outdoors

General rules of agricultural engineering

Introductory review of how to grow parsley, let's start with the preparatory process. It, like other agricultural practices, has its own characteristics. The fact is that the surface layer of parsley seeds is covered with an ether film. In order for them to germinate well, it must be washed off. Seed material is poured with hot water and left for a day. Water should be changed three times during the day. There is another option for washing off the essential oil: place the seeds in gauze and rinse under running hot water for about 20-30 minutes. They will hatch in 3 days.

The optimal planting time is early spring or late autumn. The root crop must be sown directly into the ground, like carrots, otherwise the root will grow deformed. The leaf variety can be planted in seedlings.

This type of greenery feels great in the shade, likes to grow on loam. Sandy soil requires increased moisture, as it dries out faster. This is especially important for the leaf variety.

The question of how to growparsley and dill to make the bushes more luxurious and fluffy. The problem of poor green mass lies in the dense planting of crops. Therefore, as soon as shoots appear, they must be thinned out immediately. This technique will need to be carried out several times per season. At the first thinning, the interval between the bushes should be left approximately 2.5 cm. As the parsley grows, it is gradually increased. Between adult cultures, the optimal distance is 6-7 cm.

Top dressing is carried out at the first stage of vegetation with a nitrogen-potassium solution. It is carefully spilled between the rows.

How to grow parsley in the country

Preparation for sowing seeds for the winter

Winter crops are always resistant to adverse conditions, frosts. It was noticed that such plants get sick less and are characterized by accelerated growth, with a difference of several weeks. However, for winter preparations it is better not to use such greens. Usually, the winter method is applicable for growing greens for sale and fresh consumption. It contains much more nutrients and vitamins than parsley planted in the spring.

In order to prevent the seeds from germinating and rising prematurely, they need to be sown in late autumn, in October-November. If the weather is warm for a long time, until winter, then planting should be postponed. It is good to sow when the ground is covered with a crust of ice, with slight frosts. Optimally - when the indicators on the thermometer at night will indicate -2-3 0 С.

You need to choose a site protected from the wind, where in wintera lot of snow accumulates. Winter parsley should not be planted in places with a close occurrence of groundwater. The soil should be prepared from the end of August. To make it convenient to take care of the crop, you need to break the plot into beds, 1 meter wide.

There are a number of agricultural rules that determine how to properly grow parsley. However, fertile, well-permeable soil is the most important condition for the development and growth of plants. It does not clump, retains moisture better and allows air to penetrate to the parsley root system.

After collecting the previous plants, the earth should be enriched with potassium s alt and superphosphate in granules, add humus and dig 10 cm deep. The top layer of the earth must be diluted with peat. It would be good to use vermicompost for this purpose.

In regions where the soil retains moisture for a long time when the snow thaws, you can wrap the beds with crops with a special film. With this approach, you will cut the greens twice a season.

Seed preparation and sowing

Seeds for planting before winter should be treated with a solution of boric acid or potassium permanganate. Their number should be one and a half times more than during spring planting. In order for the sowing to turn out uniform, it is necessary to carry out the pelleting of the seed material. It is placed in peat or humus and mixed to achieve an enveloping effect. The seeds are then dried. In addition, this process is stimulating and increases the resistance of future shoots.

The next important condition for how to properly grow parsley is optimal preparationfurrow for sowing seeds. It is better to do them transversely, deepening by 4-6 cm. Leave the gaps between rows about 10 cm. Compost and a little sand should be poured into the bottom. Then sow, sprinkle the seeds with a layer of light soil and mulch with peat or humus.

Outdoor care

When the first snow falls, you need to create a blanket from it on the beds with planted parsley. In the spring, as soon as the first shoots appear and the soil dries out a little, it is necessary to carry out regular loosening of the topsoil. As mentioned above, timely thinning of seedlings significantly increases the amount of green mass. It is necessary to pay attention to the soil so that it is not too dense. The culture receives the first dose of nutrients along with moisture, after the snow melts. When the seedlings grow up, they will need to be fertilized with compost or mullein. Also, for the normal development of the plant, foliar top dressing is needed using a complex of microelements.

So, what else do you need to know about how to grow parsley outdoors? It turns out that there are some subtleties shared by experienced gardeners. Parsley is one of the heat-resistant plants. It is endowed with such a feature in order to accumulate essential and aromatic oils when a small amount of moisture enters. On the other hand, in the absence of sufficient watering, the green mass becomes more rigid and coarse. Therefore, when caring for a crop, consider which properties in the plant are more important to you.

If you are a supporter of natural products and want to receivefresh herbs all year round, you might be interested in learning how to grow parsley at home. Below, this process is described in detail.

How to grow parsley at home?

How to grow dill and parsley on a windowsill in winter?

Successfully growing green grass indoors usually starts with choosing the right container. Its depth should be at least 20 cm. If it is planned to sow parsley and dill seeds together, then the container is chosen long. Dill is the most demanding on land area, so for it you need to allocate most of it in a container. It grows well in cool rooms.

The main rule is optimal lighting. If green crops do not receive enough light, they will turn pale. It is desirable that the sun's rays fall on them for at least six hours a day. So, let's move on to a detailed review of how to grow parsley at home:

  1. It is better to germinate the seed material by leaving it in wet gauze for 3 days. Then it needs to be dried.
  2. To create drainage, fill the bottom of the container with a layer of expanded clay (2 cm). Next, we fill in a special soil (ready-made soil intended for violets is suitable) or a self-prepared substrate. Alternatively, use one part biohumus and twice as much coconut fiber. This will give you looser soil.
  3. Immediately before sowing, the substrate must be moistened. Make grooves 1 cm deep, plant the seeds, distributing evenly. Sprinkle the substrate on top and moisten usingatomizer.
  4. Send the containers to a warm corner for two weeks, where the temperature will be at least + 19 0 C. Water every day using settled or boiled water.
  5. When the sprouts sprout in the form of leaves, they need to be thinned out, leaving a distance of 4 cm. This must be done very carefully.
  6. With the advent of young bushes, the amount of water for irrigation needs to be slightly increased. The optimum temperature for the development and growth of greenery at this stage is +15 o C, at night - + 11 0 C. If the room is warm, at night you can open the window.
  7. In winter, be sure to install a fluorescent lamp at a distance of 50 cm from plants. Use additional lighting for eight hours.

If the rules are followed correctly, the first greens can be cut in 2 months, when the height of the bushes reaches a length of 10-12 cm.

How to grow dill and parsley

The subtleties of indoor green care

To grow parsley in an apartment without wasting time, you need to provide her with conditions close to natural, familiar to her. However, indoor agricultural technology requires the implementation of some nuances. If in the open field watering is carried out arbitrarily, then clear rules are needed here. Given that parsley does not grow in water, but at the same time loves high humidity, you need to set the rate of liquid poured into the soil, focusing on the condition of the soil.

In winter, the use of additional lightis a necessity, in the summer you can do without it. You need to put the containers with greens in a place where the sun's rays will hit well.

If it was not possible to prepare a sufficiently nutritious mixture, then top dressing is needed. In the top layer of the soil composition, 1 tsp must be sealed. drug "Agrolife". When watering, use a special tool "Growth". Add ½ part of the drug to a liter of water.

How to grow parsley at home

Root greens at home

There is the easiest way to grow parsley indoors - root. Planting material can be purchased at a seed store or dug up on your site. Check them carefully before boarding. Plant only high-quality roots, without damage and scratches, cracks and rot. Do not choose too large root crops, as they will take a long time to grow.

From the roots you need to cut the greens and trim the tails. They need to be planted in such a way that the upper part protrudes from the ground by 2 centimeters.

Learning the right farming techniques for a fun process to grow parsley at home is wonderful. After all, this way you can please yourself and your loved ones with beautiful dishes decorated with original sprigs of fragrant herbs.

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