Surgery is one of the most difficult parts of medicine. Its main task is the treatment of acute and chronic diseases in an operative way. The experience of a surgeon is made up of many years of medical education at a specialized university and the number of operations performed.
Directions in surgery
Surgery is divided into many areas and types. One popular classification is the division between specialized and general surgery. General surgery consists of many areas, which will be discussed below. Specialized surgery is focused on the treatment of individual organs and specific parts of the body. For example, there is eye surgery, maxillofacial surgery, or cardiac surgery – deals with heart diseases.
Pediatric surgery can also be noted as a separate area, since the principles of treatment and operation of children differ from those used for adults.
Types of specialized surgery
Narrow direction altypes of surgery are indicated by the following names:
- thoracic surgery;
- heart surgery;
- abdominal surgery;
- purulent surgery;
- trauma surgeon;
- urological surgeon;
- microsurgery of eye diseases;
- and so on.
The salary of specialists differs depending on the focus, region and experience of the doctor.
According to various recruiting studies, the salary of a surgeon in Moscow in 2017-2018 was about 64,000 rubles. Both information on private and public clinics were taken as initial data. If we talk about novice surgeons, then the minimum wage is set at around 35,000 rubles.
The maximum salary of a surgeon in Moscow is 150,000 rubles. More often, the owners of such earnings are specialists with the scientific titles of doctor or professor. The place of work also matters. In most cases, high wages are provided in private clinics. However, a surgeon with the same qualifications and regalia in St. Petersburg earns a maximum of 42,000 rubles a month.
The same figures are relevant for Yekaterinburg. Irkutsk and Nizhny Novgorod are next, where the maximum salary for a doctor is approximately 40,000 rubles. In other regions, wages are calculated at a lowersize.
Plastic surgery is a separate branch of surgery. It is mainly used by the we althy category of citizens, so the number of private plastic clinics prevails over state institutions. However, if compared with world indicators, then the salary of a plastic surgeon in Moscow is considered average.
Depending on the length of service, region and clinic, a plastic surgeon can earn from 300,000 to 400,000 rubles. These figures are relevant only for the capital. In other cities, they are much lower - from 150,000 to 200,000 rubles.
Ophthalmology also belongs to the category of demanded areas. The branch of medicine itself involves the treatment of eye diseases. In the diagnosis and treatment of such diseases, the ophthalmic surgeon plays a key role. The salary of a surgeon in Moscow, in a hospital specializing in this area, ranges from 60,000 to 100,000 rubles.
Magadan region is the leader in this area, where the average salary of ophthalmologists is 116,000 rubles. But colleagues from Perm can count on only 50,000 rubles a month.
The average salary of a surgeon in Moscow in the field of pediatric ophthalmology is about 70,000 rubles. Employers estimate the work of the chief ophthalmologist at 150,000 rubles.
Neurosurgery is a branch of medicine whose task is to treat diseases of the nervous system. It is considered one of the most difficult areas. The doctor often has to work with patients who are in a specific condition. It is assumed that the payment for such complex work should be appropriate. But the reality is a bit disappointing.
The national average is 25,000 rubles. Capital doctors are leading by a wide margin. The salary of a surgeon in Moscow in the neurosurgical department is about 150,000 rubles. Following are specialists from the Tyumen region. They can count on more than 56 thousand rubles a month when working in public hospitals and about 100,000 rubles when practicing in private clinics. In the Tomsk region, the same specialists receive from 25,000 to 30,000 rubles a month. In general, the minimum salary for a neurosurgeon in the country is about 22,000 rubles.
The salaries of budget specialists have a chance to grow in two aspects:
- Government measures: allowances, general increase, bonuses, surcharges and indexation.
- Personal achievements: advanced training, accumulated work experience, special merits and contribution to the development of he althcare.
Thus, thanks to such measures, the salary of a surgeon in Moscow and other regions has increased significantly. In particular, statistics report the following indicators:
- in 2012, the average salary in the country was 40-41,000 rubles;
- if at the beginning of 2013 salarywas about 49,000 rubles, then at the end of the same year it increased to 51,900 rubles;
- 2014 was marked by a crisis in some sectors of the economy. Therefore, there was no increase. The dynamics, on the contrary, showed the opposite result - about 50,000 rubles a month;
- but at the beginning of 2015 the situation is already changing dramatically and the salary of a surgeon in Moscow is about 60,000 rubles;
- by the end of 2015, there was again a decrease in indicators;
- the situation returned to normal only in 2016, reaching an average of 62,000 rubles across the country;
- In 2017, there were also no cardinal changes - the average figures are 60,000 rubles.
Government promises and results
Even at the beginning of 2015, high-ranking officials made promises that by 2017 the average salary of doctors in state institutions would be 70,000 rubles. As a practical measure, at the end of 2017, the Government made a proposal to increase the salaries of doctors to double the average salary in the regions. The results in numbers are as follows, data for 2017:
- in August 2017, the average salary was about 57,000 rubles;
- September - 60,000 rubles;
- significant growth has been observed since October - the average salary was 68,000 rubles;
- this amount lasted until the end of 2017.
Data for the first quarter of 2018 show an amount of 72,000 rubles. Approximately this sizethe salary of an operating surgeon in a hospital is paid in Moscow.
Vacancies by region
Doctors are in demand in all regions of the country. Without a surgeon in general and narrow areas, it is impossible to imagine a full-fledged medical staff. The number of vacancies depends on which region is being considered. Not only in terms of wages, but also in terms of the number of public clinics and private hospitals, Moscow still dominates. The capital accounts for 22% of all demand for medical services.
Leningrad region follows. The share of the region in the total mass is 8%. The list continues with the Krasnodar Territory, Novosibirsk and Sverdlovsk Regions.
Above in the list, we looked at the amounts of actual salaries. However, the information provided in open vacancies for the search for specialists is slightly different. To answer the question of what is the salary of a surgeon in Moscow for vacancies, you should pay attention to the data posted on a private portal. The total number of vacancies in the direction of "medicine" is 570. Of these, only 46 offer a salary of more than 90,000 rubles. It should be noted that all these institutions are located in Moscow and the region.
Outside the Moscow region, only four employers are willing to pay such wages. The bulk of hospitals and clinics offer wages in the region of 27,200 - 48,000 rubles. The lowest paid vacancy for a doctor involves a salary of 21,200 rubles. Of the 570 vacancies, 170 offerbelow average salary - around 22,000 rubles.
Features of the profession
In many advanced countries of the world, the profession of a doctor is considered prestigious and is paid accordingly. Russia is striving to join their ranks and the first results have already been achieved. For example, among the CIS countries, Russia leads in terms of salaries in the medical field. However, the medical profession deserves even more. Here are some reasons:
- high level of responsibility;
- high stress;
- requires physical and mental endurance;
- you need to have great patience to build trusting relationships with different patients;
- Medical school is expensive and takes a lot of effort over a long period of time.
At the same time, doctors deserve not only high wages, but also a decent attitude from the state and society. After all, he althy people make a he althy nation. And this difficult task is difficult to do without the hands of good doctors.